Newark, New Jersey

Newark (/ˈnjərk/,[26] locally /njʊərk/)[27] is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County.[28] As one of the nation's major air, shipping, and rail hubs, the city had a population of 311,549 in 2020,[14] making it the nation's 62nd-most populous municipality,[16] after being ranked 73rd in the nation in 2010.[17]

Newark, New Jersey
City of Newark
Brick City, The Gateway City, City By The River[1]
Interactive map of Newark
Coordinates: 40.72422°N 74.172574°W / 40.72422; -74.172574[2][3]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Essex
FoundedReligious colony (1663)
IncorporatedOctober 31, 1693 (as township)
ReincorporatedApril 11, 1836 (as city)
Named forNewark-on-Trent, Nottinghamshire, England
  TypeFaulkner Act (mayor–council)
  BodyMunicipal Council of Newark
  MayorRas Baraka (D, December 31, 2022)[5][6]
  AdministratorEric E. Pennington[7]
  Municipal clerkKenneth Louis[8]
  Total25.89 sq mi (67.04 km2)
  Land24.14 sq mi (62.53 km2)
  Water1.74 sq mi (4.51 km2)  6.72%
Area rank102nd of 565 in state
1st of 22 in county[2]
Elevation13 ft (4 m)
  Rank62nd in country (as of 2019)[16][17]
1st of 566 in state
1st of 22 in county[18]
  Density12,879.2/sq mi (4,972.8/km2)
  Density rank23rd of 566 in state
4th of 22 in county[18]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (Eastern (EDT))
ZIP Codes
07101-07108, 07112, 07114[20][21]
Area code(s)862/973[22]
FIPS code3401351000[2][23][24]
GNIS feature ID0885317[2][25]
The Krueger-Scott Mansion, owned by African-American beauty entrepreneur Louise Scott, Newark's first female millionaire, and previously by German brewer Gottfried Krueger

Settled in 1666 by Puritans from New Haven Colony, Newark is one of the oldest cities in the United States. Its location at the mouth of the Passaic River (where it flows into Newark Bay) has made the city's waterfront an integral part of the Port of New York and New Jersey. Today, Port Newark–Elizabeth is the primary container shipping terminal of the busiest seaport on the U.S. East Coast. Newark Liberty International Airport was the first municipal commercial airport in the United States, and today is one of its busiest.[29][30][31]

Several leading companies have their headquarters in Newark, including Prudential, PSEG, Panasonic Corporation of North America,, IDT Corporation, and Manischewitz. A number of important higher education institutions are also in the city, including the Newark campus of Rutgers University (which includes law and medical schools and the Rutgers Institute of Jazz Studies); University Hospital (formerly the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey which included the schools of medicine and dentistry now under Rutgers University); the New Jersey Institute of Technology; and Seton Hall University's law school. The U.S. District Court for the District of New Jersey sits in the city as well. Local cultural venues include the New Jersey Performing Arts Center, Newark Symphony Hall, the Prudential Center and The Newark Museum of Art.

Newark is divided into five political wards (East, West, South, North and Central) and contains neighborhoods ranging in character from bustling urban districts to quiet suburban enclaves.[32] Newark's Branch Brook Park is the oldest county park in the United States and is home to the nation's largest collection of cherry blossom trees, numbering over 5,000.[33][34][35][36]