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It is one of the most important red squirrel conservation sites in the United Kingdom. It appears increasingly likely that there are now only 500 red squirrels in Wales and numbers are continuing to decline.
The whole area was mainly shifting sand dunes prior to 1947 when afforestation began. During the late seventies and eighties there were concerns that the water levels within the Forest and within neighbouring Warren were falling, with the result that winter flooding was not to the same depth and that dune slack pools were drying out sooner.
Proposals were put forward in 2004 to remove large parts of the forest. The local community and conservation groups objected and the government is currently carrying out a public consultation that will shape the future management of the Newborough woodland.
- "Wales Visitor Attractions Survey 2015" (PDF). 2016. Retrieved 15 February 2017.