Newport, Wales

Newport (Welsh: Casnewydd; [kasˈnɛwɨð]) is a city and county borough in Wales, situated on the River Usk close to its confluence with the Severn Estuary, 12 mi (19 km) northeast of Cardiff. With a population of 145,700 at the 2011 census, Newport is the third-largest authority with city status in Wales, and seventh most populous overall.[15] Newport became a unitary authority in 1996 and forms part of the Cardiff-Newport metropolitan area.[16] Newport was the site of the last large-scale armed insurrection in Great Britain, the Newport Rising of 1839. The population grew considerably during the 2021 census, rising to 159,587,[17] the largest growth of a unitary authority in Wales.

Newport
Casnewydd
Motto(s): 
"Terra Marique" "By land and sea"
City of Newport
Newport
Location within Wales
Newport
Location within the United Kingdom
Newport
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 51°35′19″N 02°59′52″W[1]
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
CountryWales
Ceremonial countyGwent
Historic countyMonmouthshire
Principal AreaNewport
Admin HQNewport Civic Centre
Borough statusc. 1120
Town charter1385
City status2002
Wards
Government
  TypeCounty borough and city
  BodyNewport City Council
  Mayor of NewportMartyn Kellaway
(Welsh Conservatives)
  Newport City Council LeaderJane Mudd
(Welsh Labour)
  MP (Newport West)

  MS (Newport West)
Ruth Jones
(Welsh Labour)
Jayne Bryant
(Welsh Labour)
  MP (Newport East)

  MS (Newport East)
Jessica Morden
(Welsh Labour)
John Griffiths
(Welsh Labour)
Area
  City and County Borough84.05 sq mi (217.70 km2)
  Urban32.52 sq mi (84.22 km2)
  Rural51.54 sq mi (133.48 km2)
  Metro987.80 sq mi (2,558.38 km2)
Dimensions
  Length11.17 mi (17.98 km)
  Width14.11 mi (22.70 km)
Elevation52 ft (16 m)
Highest elevation1,375 ft (419 m)
Population
 (2021) ONS[9]
  City and County Borough159,600 (council region)
  RankConurbation
3rd (Wales)
26th (UK)
  Density2,059.6/sq mi (795.21/km2)
   Rank2011 Census
• 2nd (Wales)
55th (UK) 
  Urban128,060
  Urban density9,552.8/sq mi (3,688.36/km2)
  Metro1,190,835
(Cardiff City Region)
  Metro density1,205.6/sq mi (465.47/km2)
  Built-up area[4]
306,844
  Built-up area density[4]
3,643.363km2
DemonymNewportonians
Demographics
  Ethnicity[13]93.9% White
3.4% Asian
1.7% Black
1.0% Other
  Languages[14]20.9% Welsh
96.8% English[4]
Time zoneUTC+0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
Postcode
Area code01633
ISO 3166-2GB-NWP
ONS code00PR (ONS)
W06000022 (GSS)
OS grid referenceST312882
NUTS 3UKD31
Websitewww.newport.gov.uk

Newport has been a port since medieval times when the first Newport Castle was built by the Normans. The town outgrew the earlier Roman town of Caerleon, immediately upstream and now part of the borough. Newport gained its first charter in 1314. It grew significantly in the 19th century when its port became the focus of coal exports from the eastern South Wales Valleys. Newport was the largest coal exporter in Wales until the rise of Cardiff in the mid-1800s.

In the 20th century, the docks declined in importance, but Newport remained an important centre for manufacturing and engineering. Latterly its economy is bolstered as part of the M4 corridor high-technology cluster. It was granted city status in 2002. Newport hosted the Ryder Cup in 2010 and was the venue for the 2014 NATO summit. It contains extensive rural areas surrounding the built-up core. Its villages are of considerable archaeological importance. Newport Cathedral is the cathedral of the Diocese of Monmouth.


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