Next Romanian legislative election


Legislative elections are planned to be held in Romania before 21 March 2025, three months after the term of the incumbent legislature of the Romanian Parliament expires. Although they will most likely take place in November or December 2024, along with presidential elections, a snap election may be called by the President of Romania in accordance with constitutional provisions.

Next Romanian legislative election

 2020 On or before 21 March 2025

All 136 seats in the Senate
All 330 seats in the Chamber of Deputies
69 and 166 seats needed for a majority
Party Leader Current seats
Chamber of Deputies
PSD Marcel Ciolacu 110
PNL Ludovic Orban 93
USR PLUS Dacian Cioloș
Dan Barna
55
AUR George Simion
Claudiu Târziu
33
UDMR Hunor Kelemen 21
Minority parties Varujan Pambuccian[lower-alpha 1] 18
Senate
PSD Marcel Ciolacu 47
PNL Ludovic Orban 41
USR PLUS Dacian Cioloș
Dan Barna
25
AUR George Simion
Claudiu Târziu
14
UDMR Hunor Kelemen 12
Incumbent Prime Minister
Florin Cîțu
PNL

Background


Following the previous elections in December 2020, the Cîțu Cabinet was appointed, backed by a center-right coalition of four political parties: the conservative National Liberal Party (PNL), the progressive liberal Save Romania Union (USR), and the social-liberal Freedom, Unity and Solidarity Party (running together as USR PLUS), as well as the Hungarian minority-oriented Democratic Alliance of Hungarians in Romania (UDMR).

In Romania, the President also plays an active role in politics. Following the December 2019 presidential election, Klaus Iohannis of the National Liberal Party (PNL) was re-elected for another five years. Nonetheless, he is not eligible for a third term in the future. Therefore, the PNL-dominated center-right enjoys both executive and legislative powers until December 2024, except in case of either a dissolution of the Parliament or the vacancy of the Presidency (which are very highly unlikely at the moment as well as in long term).

Both legislative and presidential terms end in late 2024. Hence, both could be held on the same days, which would be the first time in Romania since the 2004 general election and the extension of the Presidential term from 4 to 5 years (which was also marked after 2004).

Method


To enter either chambers of the Parliament of Romania, a list has to overcome the electoral threshold, which is set at 5% for non-ethnic parties, and proportional representation is then applied by county.

National minorities, however, do not have to pass the threshold to enter the lower chamber (Chamber of Deputies), often resulting in more than a dozen MPs with no affiliation to a nationwide political party.

Opinion polls


Date Poll source Sample size PSD PNL USR PLUS AUR UDMR PMP PRO PPU-SL PER Others Lead
26 Jul 2021 INSOMAR N/A 38.1 15.1 11.1 15.0 5.1 N/A N/A N/A N/A 15.8 23.0
July 2021 Sociopol N/A 31.0 27.0 15.0 10.0 7.0 2.0 3.0 N/A 2.0 3.0 4.0
11–18 Jun 2021 CURS 1.067 34.0 22.0 14.0 12.0 4.0 5.0 2.0 3.0 N/A 4.0 12.0
1–15 Jun 2021 INSCOP 1,100 30.2 26.6 13.2 14.2 N/A 2.8 4.3 N/A N/A 8.7 3.6
Jun 2021 INSOMAR 1,030 22.9 25.0 15.0 18.0 5.1 N/A 2.0 N/A N/A 10.1 2.1
May 2021 Sociopol 1,100 36.0 22.0 15.0 11.0 6.0 2.0 5.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 14.0
May 2021 Avangarde 1,100 36.0 23.0 14.0 15.0 5.0 2.0 2.0 1.0 1.0 2.0 13.0
May 2021 IRES 1,100 36.0 28.0 11.0 14.0 3.0 N/A 3.0 N/A 1.0 8.0 8.0
7 May 2021 INSOMAR 1,030 22.1 23.5 c. 13.5 15.5 8.6 4.6 4.1 N/A N/A 8.4 1.4
14–17 Apr 2021 CURS 1,107 33.0 21.0 16.0 12.0 4.0 5.0 3.0 4.0 N/A 2.0 12.0
30 Mar–11 Apr 2021 BCS[citation needed] 1,420 28.9 22.3 22.5 10.0 4.0 4.2 2.9 N/A N/A 5.1 6.4
12–28 Mar 2021 Sociopol N/A 35.0 26.0 17.0 12.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 N/A N/A 1.0 9.0
22–26 Feb 2021 CURS 1,100 34.0 25.0 16.0 9.0 4.0 3.0 2.0 3.0 N/A 4.0 10.0
10–14 Feb 2021 PER 1,055 33.0 25.0 20.0 8.0 4.0 4.0 2.0 N/A 3.0 4.0 8.0
9–11 Feb 2021 INSOMAR 1,030 28.0 27.0 14.0 16.0 6.0 4.0 1.0 N/A N/A 4.0 1.0
15–17 Jan 2021 Avangarde 710 34.0 24.0 16.0 14.0 5.0 3.0 1.0 N/A N/A 3.0 10.0
11–15 Jan 2021 CURS 1,100 34.0 26.0 16.0 12.0 5.0 3.0 2.0 N/A N/A 2.0 8.0
17–21 Dec 2020 CURS 1,100 35.0 26.0 14.0 15.0 4.0 2.0 2.0 N/A N/A 2.0 9.0
10–20 Dec 2020 Avangarde 900 35.0 26.0 15.0 14.0 5.0 2.0 1.0 N/A N/A 2.0 9.0
6 December 2020 2020 Chamber election N/A 28.90 25.18 15.37 9.08 5.74 4.82 4.09 1.19 1.12 6.82 3.72
2020 Senate election N/A 29.32 25.58 15.86 9.17 5.89 4.93 4.13 1.01 1.33 5.12 3.74

See also


References


    1. Pambuccian has been parliamentary leader of the national minorities' group since 1996.