Nick Holonyak

Nick Holonyak Jr. (/hʌlɒnjæk/ huh-LON-yak; November 3, 1928  September 18, 2022) was an American engineer and educator.[1] He is noted particularly for his 1962 invention of a light-emitting diode (LED) that emitted visible red light instead of infrared light while working at General Electric's research laboratory in Syracuse, New York. After leaving General Electric in 1963, he returned to his alma mater, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, where he later became John Bardeen Endowed Chair Emeritus in Electrical and Computer Engineering and Physics.

Nick Holonyak
Holonyak in 2002
Born(1928-11-03)November 3, 1928
DiedSeptember 18, 2022(2022-09-18) (aged 93)
Alma materUniversity of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; BS 1950, MS 1951, PhD 1954
Known forInventing red LED
Scientific career
FieldsElectrical engineering
ThesisEffect of Surface Conditions on Characteristics of Rectifier Junctions (1954)
Doctoral advisorJohn Bardeen

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