Nicolas Dalayrac

Nicolas-Marie d'Alayrac (French: [nɪkəˈləs-məːrɪ-dəˈleɪːrækˈ]; bapt. 13 June 1753  26 November 1809), nicknamed the Musician poet,[1] more commonly Nicolas Dalayrac, was a French composer of the Classical period. Intended for a military career, he frequents many musicians in the Parisian salons, which has decided his vocation.

Nicolas Dalayrac
Nicolas Dalayrac: lithography[lower-alpha 1]
Born(1753-06-08)8 June 1753
Died27 November 1809(1809-11-27) (aged 56)
OccupationComposer
EraClassical opera
Known foropéras-comiques
Notable work
List of works
Signature

Among his most popular works, Nina, or The Woman Crazed with Love (1786), which tackles the theme of madness and arouses real enthusiasm during its creation, premiered on 23 November at the Stroganov Palace.[2] The Two Little Savoyards (1789), which deals with the rapprochement of social classes, a theme bearing the ideals of the French Revolution, Camille ou le Souterrain (1791), judged as his best production or even Léon ou le Château de Monténéro (1798) who by his leitmotifs announces a new genre. If he forges an international reputation, he remains nevertheless less known in the lyrical field than André Grétry.

His first compositions were violin duos, string trios and quartets. He published them under a pseudonym with Italian consonance. The quartets were very successful, and the true identity of their author was eventually discovered. According to René-Charles Guilbert de Pixérécourt, initiated in Freemasonry he was a member of the Masonic lodge of «The Nine Sisters» and composed in 1778 the music for the reception of Voltaire and of the party in honor of Benjamin Franklin at the home of Anne-Catherine de Ligniville Helvétius. Dalayrac actively participated in the development of copyright.


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