Nicolas Dupont-Aignan


Nicolas Dupont-Aignan (French: [ni.kɔ.la dy.pɔ̃.ɛɲ.ɑ̃]; born 7 March 1961), sometimes referred to by his initials NDA, is a French politician serving since 2008 as President of minor party Debout la France. He is its only member of the National Assembly, elected for Essonne's 8th constituency since 1997, and was previously Mayor of Yerres from 1995 to 2017.

Nicolas Dupont-Aignan
President of Debout la France
Assumed office
23 November 2008
Preceded byPosition established
Member of the National Assembly
for Essonne's 8th constituency
Assumed office
12 June 1997
Preceded byMichel Berson
Mayor of Yerres
In office
25 June 1995  23 July 2017
Preceded byMarc Lucas
Succeeded byOlivier Clodong
Personal details
Born (1961-03-07) 7 March 1961 (age 60)
Paris, France
Political partyDebout la France
ResidenceYerres, Essonne
Alma materSciences Po
École nationale d'administration
Websitehttp://www.debout-la-france.fr/

A member of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP) party until January 2007, he then founded the Gaullist and souverainist party Debout la France (DLF; "France Arise") in November 2008, named Debout la République until October 2014 and which is closely linked to the European political party Europeans United for Democracy. He ran for President of France in 2012 and 2017 and endorsed the runner-up Marine Le Pen in the 2017 second round.[1]

Early life


Nicolas Dupont-Aignan was born Nicolas Dupont on 7 March 1961, in Paris.[2] He is the son of Jean-Louis Dupont, who was a wine maker and a Second World War veteran who escaped a German POW camp[3] and Colette Aignan.[4][5]

Dupont-Aignan graduated from Sciences Po in 1982[6] and acquired his law license in 1984.[7] He graduated with his postgraduate degree from Paris Dauphine University.[7] Dupont-Aignan also attended École nationale d'administration between 1987 and 1989.[7]

During his youth, Dupont-Aignan supported the Gaullist politician Jacques Chaban-Delmas and was a member of Rally for the Republic, campaigning for Chaban-Delmas during the 1974 presidential election.[8]

Political career


Early years

Dupont-Aignan began his professional career in politics as a civil administrator and working in several ministerial offices, including that of the Minister of National Education and the Environment. Dupont-Aignan joined Rally for France in 1993[9] and then began serving in Michel Barnier's ministry of the environment in February 1995 though he refused to support either Édouard Balladur or Jacques Chirac in their presidential campaigns that year. Serving with Michel Barnier, Dupont-Aignan was friendly with multiple Europhile personalities such as Francois Bayrou.[10]

National politics

Dupont-Aignan speaking during a meeting in 2005

In the early 1990s, the city of Yerres was in 20 million euros in debt following the closure of a major aquatic centre that closed a few months after its opening.[11] In the 1995 municipal elections, Dupont-Aignan was elected with 51.8% of the vote against the then-Socialist mayor.[11] He was also reelected in 2008 with 79.70% of the vote in the first round, giving him one of the biggest margins of victory for a mayor in France.[12]

Shortly after becoming mayor, Dupont-Aignan attempted to fix the debt issue by renegotiating the interest rate with banks, he was able to lower the debt from 45 million euros to 34 million euros.[13] Dupont-Aignan took this further by cancelling infrastructure initiatives set by the previous mayor and developed a cheaper plan[14] that included creating communal housing.[15]

In terms of environmental policy, Dupont-Aignan used reprocessed swimming water to clean streets and his environmental policies won awards for the city.[16]A municipal police brigade that could patrol the forest areas was created and CCTV was upgraded. Yerres had a lower crime rate than the rest of Essonne.[17]

Dupont-Aignan was first elected to the National Assembly in 1997 as the member for Essonne's 8th constituency. He has been reelected every legislative election since. Following the creation of the Union for a Popular Movement (UMP), Dupont-Aignan ran in the leadership election in 2002 and again in 2004, losing both.

Dupont-Aignan also campaigned for a "No" vote in the 2005 French European Constitution referendum, abandoning perceived Gaullist principles. He was one of the only members of the UMP to vote "No".[18][19]

Foundation of Debout la France

NDA during a Debout la France event in 2011

Following disagreement with the UMP candidate, Nicolas Sarkozy, Dupont-Aignan left the UMP on 13 January 2007.[20] Dupont-Aignan intended to run for the 2007 presidential election but failed to gather the necessary 500 signatures of elected officials.

Following his failure to gather the 500 signatures necessary to run, Dupont-Aignan was reelected in his constituency of Essonne 8th though he was no longer a part of the presidential majority due to disagreements with President Sarkozy over taxes and a pro-American foreign policy,[21][22] voting alongside the Socialist Party on several occasions.[23]

Dupont-Aignan eventually founded Debout la France on 23 November 2008 with the ambition of founding a third party that could compete with both the right wing UMP and left-wing Socialist Party who he labeled as being the "same".[24] Debout la France contested the 2009 European Parliament election, gaining 2.04% of the vote in Metropolitan France.

2012 presidential election

Portrait for the 2012 presidential election
NDA during an interview with BFM TV in front of the Constitutional Council

In November 2010, Dupont-Aignan announced his intention to run for the 2012 presidential election[25] during the annual congress for France Arise, pledging to leave the Euro and return to the Franc, leaving the Euro as a reserve currency.[26] In March 2012 he announced that he had obtained the necessary 500 signatures to run as an official candidate.

Dupont-Aignan received 644,043 votes on the first ballot, or 1.79% of the votes cast, finishing seventh.[27] His best showing (24.88%) was in Yerres, of which he was mayor. He did not endorse any candidate for the second round.[28]

2017 presidential election

Dupont-Aignan announced his candidacy for the 2017 presidential election during an interview on TF1 on 15 March 2016.[29] Polls taken shortly after gave Dupont-Aignan a voting intention between 3 and 6%.[30] On 7 March 2017, Dupont-Aignan secured the necessary 500 signatures to run in the 2017 presidential election[31] before releasing his manifesto the following day in the form of a book.[32]

Shortly after the beginning of the first round, Dupont-Aignan denounced Emmanuel Macron, saying that he "served the interests of the rich"[33][34] and accused Serge Dassault, the owner of Le Figaro, of harassing him through text messages in an attempt to get him to renounce his candidacy in endorsement of François Fillon.[35] Le Figaro denies that Dupont-Aignan was harassed though does not deny text messages were exchanged between the two.[36][37] On 22 April, Dupont-Aignan organised a petition demanding that three televised debates be shown during the first round with all candidates appearing at the debates.[38] Because he was not invited to the first debate, he left prematurely and denounced TF1 for what he called a "lack of democracy".[39]

In the first voting round of 23 April, Dupont-Aignan came in the sixth place, receiving 1,695,000 votes which represents 4.70% of the vote total.[40] Failing to hit the 5% threshold, Dupont-Aignan was not reimbursed for his campaign funds.[41] During an interview on 28 April 2018, he endorsed Marine Le Pen for the second round[42] saying that he would help her with campaigning.[43]

Marine Le Pen pledged in return to appoint him as Prime Minister of France should she win.[44][45][46] The electoral alliance between Debout la France and Front National gathered protesters in Dupont-Aignan's commune, Yerres.[47][48] Dupont-Aignan was also called a "petainist" and compared to Pierre Laval.[49][50] Dupont-Aignan also had dissidents within his own party with his "right hand", Olivier Clodong, resigning.[51] Dominique Jamet, Vice President of Debout la France, resigned as well.[52] Le Pen lost the vote in the second round of the election against Emmanuel Macron.[citation needed]

Dupont-Aignan was reelected during the legislative election of 2017; he resigned as Mayor of Yerres later that year and was succeeded by Clodong.[citation needed]

Political positions


Dupont-Aignan describes himself as a Gaullist.[44][45] Although he shares many policies and views with Marine Le Pen,[45] he is considered less hardline than she and has criticised her in the past.[44][46]

Dupont-Aignan strongly advocates leaving the euro, calling it a "racket", and returning to the franc, retaining the euro only as a reserve currency.[53] Dupont-Aignan has also voiced his support for Rattachism.[54]

Personal life


Dupont-Aignan is married to lawyer and former parliamentary assistant, Valérie Vecchierini. The couple have two daughters, Victoire and Sixtine.[55]

He reported having suffered a brain injury as a child which left him intellectually impaired.[56]

Dupont-Aignan declared during the 2017 presidential election that he was worth more than 2 million euros.[57] He had also declared in 2013 that he has a house worth €130,000 in Yerres and an apartment in Paris worth €420,000.[58]

References


  1. "Defeated first-round candidate Dupont-Aignan endorses Le Pen for French president". Reuters. 28 April 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  2. "Nicolas Dupont-Aignan". assemblee-nationale.fr. Retrieved 30 April 2017.
  3. "Nicolas Dupont-Aignan". Le Huffington Post (in French). Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  4. "Listing des articles : – Orange Actu". Orange Actualités (in French). Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  5. magazine, Le Point (29 April 2017). "Nicolas Dupont-Aignan en deuil". Le Point (in French). Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  6. Po, Alumni Sciences. "l'Association des Sciences-Po – Fiche profil". www.sciences-po.asso.fr. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  7. magazine, Le Point. "Nicolas Dupont-Aignan". Le Point.fr (in French). Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  8. "Le CV de Nicolas Dupont-Aignan". Archived from the original on 9 March 2012.
  9. "Les incohérences de Nicolas Dupont-Aignan sur son passé socialiste – Le Lab Europe 1" (in French). Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  10. "Secrets de candidats : l'europhilie inavouable de Nicolas Dupont-Aignan". leparisien.fr (in French). 21 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  11. magazine, Le Point (30 January 2014). "Municipales: à Yerres, la pression fiscale ne nuit pas à Dupont-Aignan #91330". Le Point (in French). Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  12. "Le maire qui voulait devenir président". leparisien.fr (in French). 7 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  13. "Comment Yerres a redressé des finances en perdition". Le Monde.fr (in French). 3 March 2008. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  14. "A Yerres, la revanche de Dupont-Aignan". LExpress.fr (in French). 24 September 2013. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  15. "Comparateur de territoire − Commune d'Yerres (91691) | Insee". www.insee.fr (in French). Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  16. "Grand Prix de l'Environnement 2009-Candidats 2009". www.environnement-villes.com. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  17. "Chiffres délinquance Yerres (91330)". www.linternaute.com (in French). Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  18. "Référendum du 29 mai 2005 : le "non" un an après". Le Monde.fr (in French). 29 May 2006. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  19. "Constitution européenne". Le Monde.fr (in French). 20 April 2005. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  20. "Politique de confidentialité du site". Le Monde.fr (in French). 22 January 2001. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  21. "Wikiwix[archive]". archive.wikiwix.com. Archived from the original on 6 June 2018. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  22. "Politique : Dupont-Aignan veut reassembler les gaullistes, républicains et souverainistes". 20minutes.fr (in French).[permanent dead link]
  23. "Assemblée nationale – Analyse du scrutin n°96 – Séance du : 08/04/2008". www.assemblee-nationale.fr. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  24. "Contre l'UMP et le PS, Dupont-Aignan crée son parti". Libération.fr (in French). Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  25. "Dupont-Aignan candidate in 2012". Agence France Presse / Le Figaro (in French). 21 November 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2011.
  26. "Dupont Aignan candidat de la sortie de l'euro – Vidéo dailymotion". Dailymotion. 22 November 2010. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  27. "Dupont-Aignan: From anti-EU conservative to Marine Le Pen's ally – France 24". France 24. 29 April 2017. Retrieved 10 May 2017.
  28. "Dupont-Aignan : "pas de consigne de vote"". www.europe1.fr (in French). Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  29. "Nicolas Dupont-Aignan candidat à la présidentielle en 2017". Le Figaro. 15 March 2016. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  30. "Dupont-Aignan, l'étoile du perché". Libération.fr (in French). Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  31. "French election 2017: Who are the candidates?". BBC News. 20 March 2017. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  32. Dupont-Aignan, Nicolas (2017). Mon agenda de président, 100 jours pour tout changer. Flammarion.
  33. "Nicolas Dupont-Aignan dévoile des SMS de pression de Serge Dassault, propriétaire du Figaro". Marianne (in French). 20 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  34. "Dupont-Aignan dévoile en direct des SMS d'un "grand patron de presse" justifiant sa "censure"". Le Huffington Post (in French). 20 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  35. "VIDÉO. Dupont-Aignan dénonce des pressions et révèle des SMS du patron du Figaro". LExpress.fr (in French). 21 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  36. "" Le Figaro " a-t-il " boycotté " Nicolas Dupont-Aignan ?". Le Monde.fr (in French). 21 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  37. "Dupont-Aignan accuse Serge Dassault de censure". Libération.fr (in French). Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  38. "La voie étroite de Nicolas Dupont-Aignan". Le Monde.fr (in French). 10 January 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  39. "VIDÉO – Nicolas Dupont-Aignan claque la porte du JT de TF1". RTL.fr (in French). Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  40. "Election présidentielle 2017 : résultats globaux du premier tour" (in French). Ministry of the Interior (France). Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  41. "Présidentielle : et Nicolas Dupont-Aignan échoua aux portes du remboursement de ses frais de campagne – Le Lab Europe 1" (in French). Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  42. "Présidentielle 2017 : Nicolas Dupont-Aignan soutient Marine Le Pen" (in French). RTL. Retrieved 28 April 2017.
  43. http://www.lepoint.fr/presidentielle/second-tour-jour-j-9--28-04-2017-2123318_3121.
  44. "Dupont-Aignan: From Anti-EU Conservative to Marine Le Pen's Ally". France 24. 29 April 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  45. Breeden, Aurelien (29 April 2017). "Marine Le Pen Will Name a Former Rival Prime Minister if Elected". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  46. Blamont, Matthias; Carraud, Simon (29 April 2017). "French Presidential Hopeful Le Pen Names Nationalist as Prime Minister". Fox Business Network. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  47. "Manifestation dans la ville de Nicolas Dupont-Aignan après son soutien à Marine Le Pen". Le Huffington Post (in French). 29 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  48. "La mobilisation à Yerres, ville de Nicolas Dupont-Aignan, contre son ralliement à Marine Le Pen". leparisien.fr (in French). 30 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  49. "L'" immense honte " du ralliement de Nicolas Dupont-Aignan à Marine Le Pen". Le Monde.fr (in French). Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  50. "VIDEO. Xavier Bertrand compare Nicolas Dupont-Aignan à Pierre Laval après son ralliement à Marine Le Pen". Franceinfo (in French). 30 April 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  51. "Le ralliement de Nicolas Dupont-Aignan à Marine Le Pen n'est pas une histoire d'argent". Challenges (in French). Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  52. "Après la défaite de Le Pen, l'avenir en pointillés de Dupont-Aignan". LExpress.fr (in French). 8 May 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2018.
  53. Diana Johnstone (24 April 2012). "Disillusion With the Euro and Europe". CounterPunch. Retrieved 24 April 2012.
  54. "Belgique : chronique d'une implosion annoncée". FIGARO. 4 August 2014.
  55. "Google Translate". translate.googleusercontent.com. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  56. https://information.tv5monde.com/info/portrait-nicolas-dupont-aignan-162328. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  57. "La déclaration de patrimoine de Nicolas Dupont-Aignan". Le Monde.fr (in French). Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  58. "Quand le sage désigne la lune, l'idiot regarde le doigt". Le Huffington Post (in French). 10 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2018.