Nikolai Tikhonov

Nikolai Aleksandrovich Tikhonov (Russian: Николай Александрович Тихонов; 14 May [O.S. 1 May] 1905 – 1 June 1997) was a Soviet Russian-Ukrainian statesman during the Cold War. He served as Chairman of the Council of Ministers from 1980 to 1985, and as a First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers, literally First Vice Premier, from 1976 to 1980. Tikhonov was responsible for the cultural and economic administration of the Soviet Union during the late era of stagnation. He was replaced as Chairman of the Council of Ministers in 1985 by Nikolai Ryzhkov. In the same year, he lost his seat in the Politburo; however, he retained his seat in the Central Committee until 1989.

Nikolai Tikhonov
Николай Тихонов
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
of the Soviet Union
In office
23 October 1980  27 September 1985
PresidentLeonid Brezhnev
Yuri Andropov
Konstantin Chernenko
Andrei Gromyko
First DeputiesIvan Arkhipov
Heydar Aliyev
Andrei Gromyko
Preceded byAlexei Kosygin
Succeeded byNikolai Ryzhkov
First Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union
In office
2 September 1976  23 October 1980
PremierAlexei Kosygin
Preceded byDmitry Polyansky
Succeeded byIvan Arkhipov
Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Soviet Union
In office
2 October 1965  2 September 1976
PremierAlexei Kosygin
Deputy Chairman of the State Economic Commission on Current Planning
In office
1963–1965
LeaderPyotr Lomako
Full member of the 25th, 26th, 27th Politburo
In office
27 November 1979  15 October 1985
Candidate member of the 25th Politburo
In office
27 November 1978  27 November 1979
Full member of the 23rd, 24th, 25th, 26th, 27th Central Committee
In office
1966–1989
Candidate member of the 22nd Central Committee
In office
1961–1966
Personal details
Born(1905-05-14)14 May 1905
Kharkiv, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire
Died1 June 1997(1997-06-01) (aged 92)
Moscow, Russia
CitizenshipSoviet and Russian
NationalityRussian
Political partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union (1940–1989)
Alma materDnipropetrovsk Metallurgical Institute
ProfessionMetallurgists

He was born in the city of Kharkiv in 1905 to a Russian-Ukrainian working-class family; he graduated in the 1920s and started working in the 1930s. Tikhonov began his political career in local industry, and worked his way up the hierarchy of Soviet industrial ministries. He was appointed deputy chairman of the Gosplan in 1963. After Alexei Kosygin's resignation Tikhonov was voted into office as Chairman of the Council of Ministers. In this position, he refrained from taking effective measures to reform the Soviet economy, a need which was strongly evidenced during the early–mid-1980s. He retired from active politics in 1989 as a pensioner. Tikhonov died on 1 June 1997.