Nikolay Chkheidze

Nikoloz Chkheidze (Georgian: ნიკოლოზ (კარლო) ჩხეიძე; Russian: Никола́й (Карло) Семёнович Чхеи́дзе, Nikolay Semyonovich Chkhidze) commonly known as Karlo Chkheidze (21 March [O.S. 9] 1864 – 13 June 1926), was a Georgian politician. In the 1890s, he promoted the Social Democratic movement in Georgia. He became a key figure in the Russian Revolution (February 1917 to October 1917) as the Menshevik president of the Executive Committee of the Soviet of Petrograd (until September 1917). Later he served as president of the Transcaucasian Sejm (February 1918 to May 1918), and he held office in the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic (April–May 1918). Later he became president of parliamentary assemblies of the Democratic Republic of Georgia, National Council, Constituent Assembly and Parliament (May 1918 to March 1921).[1]

Nikoloz Chkheidze
ნიკოლოზ ჩხეიძე (Georgian)
Никола́й Чхеи́дзе (Russian)
Leader of Social-Democrat Opposition (Duma)
In office
Executive President of Petrograd Soviet
In office
March 12, 1917  September 19, 1917
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byLeon Trotsky
President of the Transcaucasian Sejm
In office
February 23, 1918  May 26, 1918
Preceded byOffice established
Parliamentary President of Georgia (National Council, Constitutional Assembly, Parliament)
In office
May 26, 1918  March 16, 1921
Preceded byOffice established
Personal details
Born(1864-03-21)21 March 1864
Puti, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire
Died13 June 1926(1926-06-13) (aged 62)
Leuville-sur-Orge, Seine-et-Oise, France
Political partySocial Democratic Labour Party of Georgia

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