Nima Yooshij

Nimā Yushij (Persian: نیما یوشیج) (11 November 1895 – 4 January 1960),[1] also called Nimā (نیما), born Ali Esfandiāri (علی اسفندیاری), was an Iranian poet. He is famous for his style of poetry which he popularized, called she'r-e now (شعر نو, lit. "new poetry"), also known as She'r-e Nimaa'i (شعر نیمایی, lit "Nima poetry") in his honour after his death. He is considered as the father of modern Persian poetry.

Nima Yooshij
BornAli Esfandiari
(1895-11-11)11 November 1895
Yush, Nur, Mazandaran, Qajar Persia (present-day Iran)
Died4 January 1960(1960-01-04) (aged 64)
Shemiran, Tehran, Iran
Resting placeImamzadeh Abdollah, Ray (until 2007)
Nima's House, Yush (from 2007)
Pen nameNima
LanguagePersian
NationalityIranian
GenreModernist poetry
Literary movementShe'r-e Nimaa'i
Notable worksAfsaneh, Quqnūs, The Red Star of Dawn

He died of pneumonia in Shemiran, in the northern part of Tehran and was buried in his native village of Yush, Nur County, Mazandaran, as he had willed.


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