Nintendo Co., Ltd.[lower-alpha 2] is a Japanese multinational video game company headquartered in Kyoto. It develops and releases both video games and video game consoles.

Nintendo Co., Ltd.
Native name
Nintendō kabushiki gaisha
  • Nintendo Karuta (1889)
  • Other former names
    • Yamauchi Nintendo (1889–1933)
    • Yamauchi Nintendo & Co. (1933–1947)
    • Marufuku Co., Ltd. (1947–1951)
    • Nintendo Playing Card Co. Ltd. (1951–1963)
Founded23 September 1889; 133 years ago (1889-09-23) in Shimogyō-ku, Kyoto, Japan
FounderFusajiro Yamauchi
Headquarters11–1 Kamitoba Hokodatecho,
Minami-ku, Kyoto
Area served
Key people
ProductsList of products
Production output
  • Hardware
    28.83 million
  • Software
    230.88 million
Revenue ¥1.695 trillion (US$13.923 billion) (2022)
¥592.760 billion (US$4.869 billion) (2022)
¥477.714 billion (US$3.924 billion) (2022)
Total assets ¥2.662 trillion (US$21.866 billion) (2022)
Total equity ¥2.069 trillion (US$16.995 billion) (2022)
Number of employees
7,136[lower-alpha 1] (2022)
Footnotes / references

Nintendo was founded in 1889 as Nintendo Karuta[lower-alpha 3] by craftsman Fusajiro Yamauchi and originally produced handmade hanafuda playing cards. After venturing into various lines of business during the 1960s and acquiring a legal status as a public company, Nintendo distributed its first console, the Color TV-Game, in 1977. It gained international recognition with the release of Donkey Kong in 1981 and the Nintendo Entertainment System and Super Mario Bros. in 1985.

Since then, Nintendo has produced some of the most successful consoles in the video game industry, such as the Game Boy, the Super Nintendo Entertainment System, the Nintendo DS, the Wii, and the Switch. It has created numerous major franchises, including Mario, Donkey Kong, The Legend of Zelda, Pokémon, Kirby, Metroid, Fire Emblem, Animal Crossing, Splatoon, Star Fox, Xenoblade Chronicles, and Super Smash Bros. Nintendo's mascot, Mario, is internationally recognized. The company has sold more than 5.4 billion video games and over 800 million hardware units globally as of 2022.

Nintendo has multiple subsidiaries in Japan and abroad, in addition to business partners such as the Pokémon Company and HAL Laboratory. Nintendo and its staff have received awards including Emmy Awards for Technology & Engineering, Game Awards, Game Developers Choice Awards, and British Academy Games Awards. It is one of the wealthiest and most valuable companies in the Japanese market.

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