Nizhny Novgorod Oblast

Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (Russian: Нижегородская область, Nizhegorodskaya oblast), is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Nizhny Novgorod. It has a population of 3,310,597 as of the 2010 Census.[8] From 1932 to 1990 it was known as Gorky Oblast.

Nizhny Novgorod Region
Нижегородская область
Coordinates: 56°29′N 44°32′E
Federal districtVolga[1]
Economic regionVolga-Vyatka[2]
Administrative centerNizhny Novgorod[3]
  BodyLegislative Assembly[4]
  Governor[4]Gleb Nikitin[5][6]
  Total76,900 km2 (29,700 sq mi)
Area rank40th
 (2010 Census)[8]
3,234,752 (−2.3%)
  Density43/km2 (110/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK [10])
ISO 3166 codeRU-NIZ
License plates52, 152
OKTMO ID22000000
Official languagesRussian[11]

The oblast is crossed by the Volga River. Apart from Nizhny Novgorod's metropolitan area (including Dzerzhinsk, Bor and Kstovo) the biggest city is Arzamas. Near the town of Sarov there is the Serafimo-Diveyevsky Monastery, one of the largest convents in Russia, established by Saint Seraphim of Sarov. The Makaryev Monastery opposite of the town of Lyskovo used to be the location of the largest fair in Eastern Europe.[citation needed] Other historic towns include Gorodets and Balakhna, located on the Volga to the north from Nizhny Novgorod.

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