Nobel Prize in Chemistry
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895, awarded for outstanding contributions in chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine. This award is administered by the Nobel Foundation, and awarded by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on proposal of the Nobel Committee for Chemistry which consists of five members elected by the Academy. The award is presented in Stockholm at an annual ceremony on 10 December, the anniversary of Nobel's death.
|The Nobel Prize in Chemistry|
|(Swedish: Nobelpriset i kemi)|
|Awarded for||Outstanding contributions in chemistry|
|Presented by||Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences|
|Reward(s)||9 million SEK (2017)|
|Currently held by||Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer Doudna (2020)|
|Most awards||Frederick Sanger (2)|
The first Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded in 1901 to Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, of the Netherlands, "for his discovery of the laws of chemical dynamics and osmotic pressure in solutions". From 1901 to 2018, the award has been bestowed on a total of 180 individuals. The 2020 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded to Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna for the development of a method for genome editing known as CRISPR Cas-9 – the first time that two women have jointly won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Only ten other women have received the prize, including Marie Curie, her daughter Irène Joliot-Curie, Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1964), Ada Yonath (2009), and Frances H. Arnold (2018).