Nobel Prize in Physics
The Nobel Prize in Physics is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who have made the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895 and awarded since 1901; the others being the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Peace Prize, and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
|The Nobel Prize in Physics|
|(Swedish: Nobelpriset i fysik)|
|Awarded for||Outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of Physics|
|Date||10 December 1901|
|Presented by||Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences|
|Reward(s)||9 million Swedish kronor (2017)|
|Most recently awarded to||Roger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez|
|Most awards||John Bardeen (2)|
The first Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to physicist Wilhelm Röntgen in recognition of the extraordinary services he rendered by the discovery of X-rays. This award is administered by the Nobel Foundation and is widely regarded as the most prestigious award that a scientist can receive in physics. It is presented in Stockholm at an annual ceremony on 10 December, the anniversary of Nobel's death. Through 2020, a total of 215 individuals have been awarded the prize.