Nobel Prize in Physics

The Nobel Prize in Physics is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who have made the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895 and awarded since 1901; the others being the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Peace Prize, and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

The Nobel Prize in Physics
(Swedish: Nobelpriset i fysik)
Awarded forOutstanding contributions for mankind in the field of Physics
Date10 December 1901; 119 years ago (1901-12-10)
LocationStockholm, Sweden
Presented byRoyal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Reward(s)9 million Swedish kronor (2017)[1]
First awarded1901
Most recently awarded toRoger Penrose, Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez
Most awardsJohn Bardeen (2)
Wilhelm Röntgen (1845–1923), the first recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physics.

The first Nobel Prize in Physics was awarded to physicist Wilhelm Röntgen in recognition of the extraordinary services he rendered by the discovery of X-rays. This award is administered by the Nobel Foundation and is widely regarded as the most prestigious award that a scientist can receive in physics. It is presented in Stockholm at an annual ceremony on 10 December, the anniversary of Nobel's death. Through 2020, a total of 215 individuals have been awarded the prize.[2]