Non-affiliated members of the House of Lords


Members of the House of Lords are said to be non-affiliated if they do not belong to any parliamentary group. That is, they do not take a political party's whip, nor affiliate to the crossbench group, nor the Lords Spiritual (bishops). Formerly, the Lords of Appeal in Ordinary were also a separate affiliation, but their successors (the Justices of the Supreme Court) are now disqualified from the Lords while in office and are described as "Ineligible" rather than "Non-affiliated".[1]

Most non-party Lords Temporal are crossbenchers. Members with senior official roles are counted as non-affiliated while they hold them, to preserve their neutrality; they may (re-)affiliate to a group at the end of their term of office. Some members become non-affiliated after resigning or being expelled from a party, either through a political disagreement or after a scandal such as the 2009 parliamentary expenses scandal. Others have had no party allegiance and choose this designation rather than joining the crossbench.[2]

Although the Lord Speaker must withdraw from any party affiliation upon their election to the speakership,[3] they are not considered a non-affiliated peer.

List of Non-affiliated Peers


The UK Parliament website lists the following ’Non-affiliated’ members of the House of Lords,[4][5] excluding those on leave of absence or suspended:[1]

MemberPrevious affiliationReason for change
Lord Archer of Weston-Super-MareConservativeExpelled following imprisonment for perjury[citation needed]
Lord Austin of DudleyLabourJoined Lords without party affiliation
Lord BhatiaCrossbenchFollowing return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal
Lord Boswell of AynhoConservativePrincipal Deputy Chairman of Committees (2012–present)
Lord BownessConservative
Lord BrennanLabour
Lord Carter of BarnesLabour
Lord CashmanLabourLeft Labour Party to support the Liberal Democrats in the 2019 European Parliament elections[6]
Lord Cooper of WindrushConservativeSuspended from party whip after expressing support for Liberal Democrats in 2019 European Parliament elections
Lord Darzi of DenhamLabourResigned from party whip in July 2019 in protest of the party's response to antisemitism complaints[7]
Lord DesaiLabourResigned from party whip in protest of antisemitism controversy within Labour[8]
Lord Elis-ThomasPlaid Cymru
Lord FaulksConservative
Baroness Fox of BuckleyBrexitJoined Lords without party affiliation
Lord GadhiaConservative
Lord Gardiner of KimbleConservativeSenior Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords (2021–present)
Lord HeseltineConservativeSuspended from party whip after expressing support for Liberal Democrats in 2019 European Parliament elections
Baroness HoeyLabourJoined Lords without party affiliation
Lord InglewoodConservativeExcepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Conservative hereditary peers
Lord KalmsConservativeExpelled after supporting UKIP in 2009 European elections
Baroness Kennedy of CradleyLabour
Lord Lea of CrondallLabourSuspended from party whip due to misconduct[9]
Lord LuptonConservative
Lord Mackenzie of FramwellgateLabourFollowing return from suspension from the House in connection with lobbying scandal[citation needed]
Lord MannLabour
Lord MoonieLabourResigned from party whip following suspension by party over accusations of transphobia[citation needed]
Lord Moore of EtchinghamnoneJoined Lords without party affiliation
Lord Patel of BradfordLabour
Lord PaulLabourFollowing return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal[citation needed]
Lord Pearson of RannochUKIPResigned from party whip in protest of party leadership during Brexit negotiations[10][unreliable source?]
Lord Prior of BramptonConservative
Baroness Ritchie of DownpatrickSocial Democratic
and Labour Party
Withdrew from SDLP due to party policy regarding House of Lords[11]
Lord Smith of FinsburyLabour
Lord Stone of BlackheathLabourSuspended from party whip due to misconduct[12]
Baroness Stowell of BeestonConservative
Baroness Stuart of EdgbastonLabourJoined Lords without party affiliation
Lord Taylor of WarwickConservativeFollowing return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal and imprisonment for false accounting[citation needed]
Lord TruscottLabourResigned from party whip following the "cash for influence" allegations of 2009[citation needed]
Lord TyrieConservativeEntered the House without affiliation due to his role as Chairman of the Competition and Markets Authority
Baroness UddinLabourFollowing return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal[citation needed]
Lord Wallace of TankernessLiberal DemocratAppointed Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland
Lord WalneyLabourJoined Lords without party affiliation
Lord Willoughby de BrokeUKIPExcepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Conservative hereditary peers

Also previously switched affiliation to UK Independence Party

Baroness Wolf of DulwichCrossbench

List of Independent Peers


There are other members listed with an ’Independent’ designation within the House of Lords:[4][5]

MemberPrevious affiliationDesignationNotes
Baroness BlackstoneLabourLabour Independent
Lord OwenCrossbenchIndependent Social DemocratLeft the Crossbench following a donation to Labour[13]
Lord Stevens of LudgateUKIPConservative IndependentExpelled from the Conservatives in 2004 for supporting UKIP,[14] then sat as Conservative Independent until 2012.

See also


References


  1. "Ineligible members of the House of Lords". UK Parliament.
  2. "The party system". UK Parliament. MPs and Members of the Lords do not have to belong to a political party. Instead, MPs can sit as Independents and Lords can sit as Crossbenchers or Independents.
  3. "The Lord Speaker". UK Parliament.
  4. "Lords by party and type of peerage". UK Parliament.
  5. "Members of the House of Lords". UK Parliament.
  6. https://www.birminghammail.co.uk/black-country/michael-cashman-sensationally-quits-labour-16311445
  7. "Three Labour peers quit over handling of antisemitism cases". The Guardian. 9 July 2019.
  8. "Lord Desai quits Labour Party over racism". The Tribune (Chandigarh). 20 November 2020.
  9. "Labour suspends Lord Lea of Crondall over 'stalker' behavior". The Times (UK). 14 January 2020.
  10. "Former UKIP Leader Lord Pearson Resigns From Party". Politicalite. 27 October 2019.
  11. "Margaret Ritchie quits SDLP to become peer". BBC. 10 September 2019.
  12. "Labour peer suspended over sexual harassment and transphobia". The Guardian. 23 October 2019.
  13. Eaton, George (2 March 2014). "David Owen joins Miliband's big tent with donation to Labour of more than £7,500". New Statesman. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
  14. "Former Conservative peer Lord Stevens to join UK Independence Party". BBC News. BBC. 18 September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.