Non-affiliated members of the House of Lords
Members of the House of Lords are said to be non-affiliated if they do not belong to any parliamentary group. That is, they do not take a political party's whip, nor affiliate to the crossbench group, nor the Lords Spiritual (bishops). Formerly, the Lords of Appeal in Ordinary were also a separate affiliation, but their successors (the Justices of the Supreme Court) are now disqualified from the Lords while in office and are described as "Ineligible" rather than "Non-affiliated".
Most non-party Lords Temporal are crossbenchers. Members with senior official roles are counted as non-affiliated while they hold them, to preserve their neutrality; they may (re-)affiliate to a group at the end of their term of office. Some members become non-affiliated after resigning or being expelled from a party, either through a political disagreement or after a scandal such as the 2009 parliamentary expenses scandal. Others have had no party allegiance and choose this designation rather than joining the crossbench.
Although the Lord Speaker must withdraw from any party affiliation upon their election to the speakership, they are not considered a non-affiliated peer.
List of Non-affiliated Peers
|Member||Previous affiliation||Reason for change|
|Lord Archer of Weston-Super-Mare||Conservative||Expelled following imprisonment for perjury|
|Lord Austin of Dudley||Labour||Joined Lords without party affiliation|
|Lord Bhatia||Crossbench||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal|
|Lord Boswell of Aynho||Conservative||Principal Deputy Chairman of Committees (2012–present)|
|Lord Carter of Barnes||Labour|
|Lord Cashman||Labour||Left Labour Party to support the Liberal Democrats in the 2019 European Parliament elections|
|Lord Cooper of Windrush||Conservative||Suspended from party whip after expressing support for Liberal Democrats in 2019 European Parliament elections|
|Lord Darzi of Denham||Labour||Resigned from party whip in July 2019 in protest of the party's response to antisemitism complaints|
|Lord Desai||Labour||Resigned from party whip in protest of antisemitism controversy within Labour|
|Lord Elis-Thomas||Plaid Cymru|
|Baroness Fox of Buckley||Brexit||Joined Lords without party affiliation|
|Lord Gardiner of Kimble||Conservative||Senior Deputy Speaker of the House of Lords (2021–present)|
|Lord Heseltine||Conservative||Suspended from party whip after expressing support for Liberal Democrats in 2019 European Parliament elections|
|Baroness Hoey||Labour||Joined Lords without party affiliation|
|Lord Inglewood||Conservative||Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Conservative hereditary peers|
|Lord Kalms||Conservative||Expelled after supporting UKIP in 2009 European elections|
|Baroness Kennedy of Cradley||Labour|
|Lord Lea of Crondall||Labour||Suspended from party whip due to misconduct|
|Lord Mackenzie of Framwellgate||Labour||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with lobbying scandal|
|Lord Moonie||Labour||Resigned from party whip following suspension by party over accusations of transphobia|
|Lord Moore of Etchingham||none||Joined Lords without party affiliation|
|Lord Patel of Bradford||Labour|
|Lord Paul||Labour||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal|
|Lord Pearson of Rannoch||UKIP||Resigned from party whip in protest of party leadership during Brexit negotiations[unreliable source?]|
|Lord Prior of Brampton||Conservative|
|Baroness Ritchie of Downpatrick||Social Democratic|
and Labour Party
|Withdrew from SDLP due to party policy regarding House of Lords|
|Lord Smith of Finsbury||Labour|
|Lord Stone of Blackheath||Labour||Suspended from party whip due to misconduct|
|Baroness Stowell of Beeston||Conservative|
|Baroness Stuart of Edgbaston||Labour||Joined Lords without party affiliation|
|Lord Taylor of Warwick||Conservative||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal and imprisonment for false accounting|
|Lord Truscott||Labour||Resigned from party whip following the "cash for influence" allegations of 2009|
|Lord Tyrie||Conservative||Entered the House without affiliation due to his role as Chairman of the Competition and Markets Authority|
|Baroness Uddin||Labour||Following return from suspension from the House in connection with expenses scandal|
|Lord Wallace of Tankerness||Liberal Democrat||Appointed Moderator of the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland|
|Lord Walney||Labour||Joined Lords without party affiliation|
|Lord Willoughby de Broke||UKIP||Excepted hereditary peer elected to Lords by Conservative hereditary peers
Also previously switched affiliation to UK Independence Party
|Baroness Wolf of Dulwich||Crossbench|
List of Independent Peers
|Baroness Blackstone||Labour||Labour Independent|
|Lord Owen||Crossbench||Independent Social Democrat||Left the Crossbench following a donation to Labour|
|Lord Stevens of Ludgate||UKIP||Conservative Independent||Expelled from the Conservatives in 2004 for supporting UKIP, then sat as Conservative Independent until 2012.|
- "Ineligible members of the House of Lords". UK Parliament.
- "The party system". UK Parliament.
MPs and Members of the Lords do not have to belong to a political party. Instead, MPs can sit as Independents and Lords can sit as Crossbenchers or Independents.
- "The Lord Speaker". UK Parliament.
- "Lords by party and type of peerage". UK Parliament.
- "Members of the House of Lords". UK Parliament.
- "Three Labour peers quit over handling of antisemitism cases". The Guardian. 9 July 2019.
- "Lord Desai quits Labour Party over racism". The Tribune (Chandigarh). 20 November 2020.
- "Labour suspends Lord Lea of Crondall over 'stalker' behavior". The Times (UK). 14 January 2020.
- "Former UKIP Leader Lord Pearson Resigns From Party". Politicalite. 27 October 2019.
- "Margaret Ritchie quits SDLP to become peer". BBC. 10 September 2019.
- "Labour peer suspended over sexual harassment and transphobia". The Guardian. 23 October 2019.
- Eaton, George (2 March 2014). "David Owen joins Miliband's big tent with donation to Labour of more than £7,500". New Statesman. Retrieved 30 December 2016.
- "Former Conservative peer Lord Stevens to join UK Independence Party". BBC News. BBC. 18 September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.