Norbert Wiener

Norbert Wiener (November 26, 1894 – March 18, 1964) was an American mathematician and philosopher. He was a professor of mathematics at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). A child prodigy, Wiener later became an early researcher in stochastic and mathematical noise processes, contributing work relevant to electronic engineering, electronic communication, and control systems.

Norbert Wiener
Born(1894-11-26)November 26, 1894
DiedMarch 18, 1964(1964-03-18) (aged 69)
Stockholm, Sweden
NationalityAmerican
EducationTufts College, B.A. 1909
Cornell University, M.A., 1911
Harvard University, Ph.D. 1913
Known for
AwardsBôcher Memorial Prize (1933)
National Medal of Science (1963)
Scientific career
FieldsMathematics
Cybernetics
InstitutionsMassachusetts Institute of Technology
ThesisA Comparison Between the Treatment of the Algebra of Relatives by Schroeder and that by Whitehead and Russell (1913)
Doctoral advisors
  • Karl Schmidt[1]
Other academic advisorsJosiah Royce[2]
Doctoral students
Signature

Wiener is considered the originator of cybernetics, the science of communication as it relates to living things and machines,[3] with implications for engineering, systems control, computer science, biology, neuroscience, philosophy, and the organization of society.

Norbert Wiener is credited as being one of the first to theorize that all intelligent behavior was the result of feedback mechanisms, that could possibly be simulated by machines and was an important early step towards the development of modern artificial intelligence.[4]