Norfolk (European Parliament constituency)


Norfolk was a constituency of the European Parliament located in the United Kingdom, electing one Member of the European Parliament by the first-past-the-post electoral system. Created in 1979 for the first elections to the European Parliament, it was abolished in 1999 on the adoption of proportional representation for European elections in the United Kingdom. It was succeeded by the East of England region.

Norfolk
European Parliament constituency
Member stateUnited Kingdom
Created1979
Dissolved1999
MEPs1
Sources

Boundaries


On its creation in 1979, it consisted of the parliamentary constituencies of North Norfolk, North West Norfolk, South Norfolk, South West Norfolk, Norwich North, Norwich South and Yarmouth.[1]

After the 1984 boundary changes based on the new UK parliamentary constituencies created in 1983, it consisted of the constituencies of Great Yarmouth, Mid Norfolk, North Norfolk, North West Norfolk, Norwich North, Norwich South, South Norfolk and South West Norfolk.[2]

1994 saw further boundary changes and the constituency now consisted of Great Yarmouth, Mid Norfolk, North Norfolk, North West Norfolk, Norwich North, Norwich South and South Norfolk.[3] South West Norfolk was transferred to the constituency of Suffolk and South West Norfolk.

The entire area became part of the East of England constituency in 1999.

MEPs


The constituency's first MEP, Paul Howell, was the son of Ralph Howell, the long-serving Conservative MP for North Norfolk which was in this constituency.

Elected Member Party
1979 Paul Howell Conservative
1984
1989
1994 Clive Needle Labour
1999 constituency abolished, part of East of England from 1999

Election results


European Parliament election, 1994: Norfolk[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Clive Needle 102,711 45.2 +12.5
Conservative Paul Frederick Howell 76,424 33.6 −8.7
Liberal Democrats Paul Burall 39,107 17.2 +13.1
Green Adrian Holmes 7,938 3.5 −15.1
Natural Law Bryan Parsons 1,075 0.5 New
Majority 26,287 11.6 N/A
Turnout 227,255 44.3 +6.5
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +10.6
European Parliament election, 1989: Norfolk[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Paul Frederick Howell 92,385 42.3 −7.5
Labour M E Page 71,478 32.7 +2.2
Green M G Filgate 40,575 18.6 New
SLD R A Lawes 8,902 4.1 −15.6
SDP S D Maxwell 4,934 2.3 New
Majority 20,907 9.6 -9.7
Turnout 218,274 37.8 +2.5
Conservative hold Swing −4.9
European Parliament election, 1984: Norfolk[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Paul Frederick Howell 95,459 49.8 −10.0
Labour A E B Heading 58,602 30.5 +0.1
SDP L V Williams 37,703 19.7 New
Majority 36,857 19.3 -10.1
Turnout 191,764 35.3 +1.2
Conservative hold Swing −5.1
European Parliament election, 1979: Norfolk[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Paul Frederick Howell 102,981 59.8
Labour H Gray 52,406 30.4
Liberal E B S Baxter 16,805 9.8
Majority 50,575 29.4
Turnout 172,192 34.1
Conservative win (new seat)

References


  1. Boundary Commission for England, European Assembly Constituencies, December 1978.
  2. European Parliament Information Office, MEPs and their constituencies, December 1988
  3. The European Parliament 1994–1999 : MEPs and European constituencies in the United Kingdom, London : UK Office of the European Parliament, November 1994.
  4. Europe elections 1994 : results and elected members, Directorate-General for Information and Public Relations, Luxembourg: European Parliament, 15 June 1994.
  5. Europe votes 3 : European parliamentary election results 1989, ed. by T.T. Mackie, Dartmouth, 1990.
  6. Europe votes 2 : European Parliamentary election results, 1979–1984, eds. T.T. Mackie and F.W.S. Craig, Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services, 1985.
  7. European Parliament election 1979 : United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland : results of the European election on 7 June 1979, Luxembourg: European Parliament, October 1983