Limes (Roman Empire)

The līmes (Latin, plural: Latin: līmitēs) is a modern term used primarily for the Germanic border defence or delimiting system of Ancient Rome marking the borders of the Roman Empire, but it was not used by the Romans for that purpose.[1][2] The term has been extended to refer to the frontier defences in other parts of the empire, such as in the east and in Africa.

Frontiers of the Roman Empire
UNESCO World Heritage Site
The limes Germanicus, 2nd century
LocationThe valleys of the Rhine and the Danube; United Kingdom
IncludesHadrian's Wall (including the Aesica aqueduct, Arbeia, and Corstopitum), Roman defenses along the Cumbrian coast, and the Limes Germanicus; the Antonine Wall is a later addition to this site
CriteriaCultural ii, iii, iv
Inscription1987 (11th Session)
Extensions2005, 2008
Area526.9 ha
Buffer zone5,225.7 ha

The līmes is often associated with Roman forts, but the concept could apply to any adjoining area the Romans exercised loose control with military forces.