Norman Fowler, Baron Fowler

Peter Norman Fowler, Baron Fowler, Kt, PC (born 2 February 1938) is a British politician who served as a member of both Margaret Thatcher and John Major's ministries during the 1980s and 1990s.[1] He held the office of Lord Speaker from 1 September 2016 to 30 April 2021.


The Lord Fowler

Lord Fowler in 2018
Lord Speaker
In office
1 September 2016  30 April 2021
MonarchElizabeth II
DeputyThe Lord McFall of Alcluith
Preceded byThe Baroness D'Souza
Succeeded byThe Lord McFall of Alcluith
Shadow Home Secretary
In office
2 June 1998  14 June 1999
LeaderWilliam Hague
Preceded byBrian Mawhinney
Succeeded byAnn Widdecombe
Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Transport and the Regions
In office
11 June 1997  1 June 1998
LeaderWilliam Hague
Preceded bySir George Young
Succeeded byGillian Shephard
Chairman of the Conservative Party
In office
11 May 1992  15 July 1994
LeaderJohn Major
Preceded byChris Patten
Succeeded byJeremy Hanley
Secretary of State for Employment
In office
13 June 1987  3 January 1990
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byThe Lord Young of Graffham
Succeeded byMichael Howard
Secretary of State for Health and Social Services
In office
14 September 1981  13 June 1987
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byPatrick Jenkin
Succeeded byJohn Moore
Secretary of State for Transport
Minister of State for Transport (1979–1981)
In office
4 May 1979  14 September 1981
Prime MinisterMargaret Thatcher
Preceded byBill Rodgers
Succeeded byDavid Howell
Shadow Minister of State for Transport
In office
15 January 1976  4 May 1979
LeaderMargaret Thatcher
Succeeded byBill Rodgers[nb]
Shadow Secretary of State for Health and Social Services
In office
18 February 1975  15 January 1976
LeaderMargaret Thatcher
Succeeded byPatrick Jenkin
Parliamentary Representation
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
Assumed office
4 July 2001
Life peerage
Member of Parliament
for Sutton Coldfield
In office
28 February 1974  14 May 2001
Preceded byGeoffrey Lloyd
Succeeded byAndrew Mitchell
Member of Parliament
for Nottingham South
In office
18 June 1970  8 February 1974
Preceded byGeorge Perry
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Personal details
Born
Peter Norman Fowler

(1938-02-02) 2 February 1938 (age 83)
Chelmsford, Essex, UK
Political partyNon-affiliated
Other political
affiliations
Conservative (until 2016)
Speaker (2016–2021)
Alma materTrinity Hall, Cambridge
n.b. ^ As Shadow Minister for Transport.

After serving as Shadow Minister of Transport, Fowler was appointed Minister of Transport in 1979, being responsible for making seat belts compulsory. Later, as Secretary of State for Health and Social Services, he drew public attention to the dangers of AIDS. He resigned from the cabinet as Employment Secretary, and was knighted in 1990.

Fowler was Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1992 to 1994, Shadow Secretary of State for Environment, Transport and the Regions from 1997 to 1998, and Shadow Home Secretary from 1998 to 1999. In 2001, he was created a Conservative life peer. He renounced party political allegiance upon taking office as Lord Speaker. On 25 February 2021, he announced that in April he would be stepping down as Lord Speaker to focus on campaigning work, particularly in relation to AIDS.[2]