North Caucasus

The North Caucasus (Chechen: Къилбаседа Кавказ, romanized: Q̇ilbaseda Kavkaz; Russian: Северный Кавказ, tr. Severnyy Kavkaz, IPA: [ˈsʲevʲɪrnɨj kɐfˈkas], Ossetian: Цӕгат Кавказ, romanized: Cægat Kavkaz, Ingush: Даькъасте, romanized: Däq̇aste, Adyghe: Темыр Къэфкъас, romanized: Temır Qəfqas, Karachay-Balkar: Шимал Кавказ, romanized: Şimal Kavkaz, Kabardian: Ишхъэрэ Къаукъаз, romanized: İṩxhərə Qauqaz), or Ciscaucasia (Russian: Предкавказье, tr. Predkavkazye), is the northern part of the Caucasus region between the Sea of Azov and Black Sea on the west and the Caspian Sea on the east, in Russia. Geographically, the Northern Caucasus (territory north of the Greater Caucasus Range) includes the Russian republics and krais of the North Caucasus. As part of the Russian Federation, the Northern Caucasus region is included in the North Caucasian and Southern Federal Districts and consists of Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai, and the constituent republics, approximately from west to east: the Republic of Adygea, Karachay–Cherkessia, Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia–Alania, Ingushetia, Chechnya, and the Republic of Dagestan.[1]

Krasnodar Krai
Adygea
KC
KB
Stavropol Krai
Oss
Ing
Cya
Dag-
est-
an
Rostov Oblast
Volgograd Oblast
Kalmykia
Ast-
rakh-
an
Oblast
Northern Caucasus region within Russia west of the Urals
  • Red: NC economic region, former NC krai, former NC military okrug
  • Green: former NC military okrug
  • Blue: NC economic region, NC federal okrug, former NC military okrug
1994 map of Caucasus region prepared by the U.S. State Department.

Geographically, the term North Caucasus also refers to the northern slope and western extremity of the Caucasus Major mountain range, as well as a part of its southern slope to the West. North Caucasus is considered part of Eastern Europe. The Forecaucasus steppe area is often also encompassed under the notion of "Ciscaucasus", thus the northern boundary of the Forecaucasus steppe is generally considered to be the Manych River.