North Holland

North Holland (Dutch: Noord-Holland, pronounced [ˌnoːrt ˈɦɔlɑnt] (listen)) is a province of the Netherlands in the northwestern part of the country. It is located on the North Sea, north of South Holland and Utrecht, and west of Friesland and Flevoland. In November 2019, it had a population of 2,877,909[3] and a total area of 4,092 km2 (1,580 sq mi), of which 1,430 km2 (550 sq mi) is water.

North Holland
Noord-Holland
Anthem: "Noord-Hollands Volkslied"[1]
(Anthem of North Holland)
Location of North Holland in the Netherlands
Coordinates: 52°40′N 4°50′E
CountryNetherlands
Established1840 (split-up of Holland)
CapitalHaarlem
Largest cityAmsterdam
Government
  King's CommissionerArthur van Dijk (VVD)
  CouncilStates of North Holland
Area
 (2017)[2]
  Total4,092 km2 (1,580 sq mi)
  Land2,662 km2 (1,028 sq mi)
  Water1,430 km2 (550 sq mi)
Area rank4th
Population
 (1 November 2019)[3]
  Total2,877,909
  Rank2nd
  Density1,082/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
  Density rank2nd
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNL-NH
GDP (nominal)[4]2017
 - Total€159 billion/ USD 200 billion
 - Per capita€56,300/ USD 70,000[5]
HDI (2018)0.949[6]
very high · 2nd
Websitewww.noord-holland.nl

From the 9th to the 16th century, the area was an integral part of the County of Holland. During this period West Friesland was incorporated. In the 17th and 18th century, the area was part of the province of Holland and commonly known as the Noorderkwartier (English: "Northern Quarter"). In 1840, the province of Holland was split into the two provinces of North Holland and South Holland. In 1855, the Haarlemmermeer was drained and turned into land.

The provincial capital is Haarlem (pop. 161,265).[7] The province's largest city and also the largest city in the Netherlands is the Dutch capital Amsterdam, with a population of 862,965 as of November 2019. The King's Commissioner of North Holland is Johan Remkes, who has served since 2010. There are 51 municipalities and three (including parts of) water boards in the province. The busiest airport in the Netherlands and Europe's third-busiest airport, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol, is in North Holland.[8]