Northern Ireland (European Parliament constituency)


Northern Ireland (Irish: Tuaisceart Éireann [ˈt̪ˠuəʃcəɾˠt̪ˠ ˈeːɾʲən̪ˠ] (listen);[1] Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) was a constituency of the European Parliament from 1979 until the UK exit from the European Union on 31 January 2020. It elected three MEPs using the single transferable vote, making it the only constituency in the United Kingdom which did not use party-list proportional representation.

Northern Ireland
European Parliament constituency
Location among the 2014 constituencies
Member stateUnited Kingdom
Created1979
Dissolved31 January 2020
MEPs3 (1979–2020)
Sources

Boundaries


The constituency covered the entirety of Northern Ireland, a constituent country of the United Kingdom.

Members of the European Parliament


Year Member Party Member Party Member Party
1979 Ian Paisley Democratic Unionist John Hume SDLP John Taylor Ulster Unionist
1984
1989 Jim Nicholson
1994
1999
2004 Jim Allister Bairbre de Brún Sinn Féin
2007 Traditional Unionist Voice
2009 Diane Dodds Democratic Unionist Conservatives and Unionists
2012 Martina Anderson Ulster Unionist
2014
2019 Naomi Long Alliance

Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

Elections


2019

2019 European Parliament election: Northern Ireland[2]
PartyCandidateFPv%Count
12345
Sinn Féin Martina Anderson 22.17 126,951 128,117 128,190 128,200.50 152,436.50
DUP Diane Dodds 21.83 124,991 127,291 155,422    
Alliance Naomi Long 18.50 105,928 115,327 122,263 123,917.00 170,370.00
SDLP Colum Eastwood 13.72 78,589 80,949 82,101 82,413.50  
TUV Jim Allister 10.83 62,021 63,872 79,540 89,854.00 90,079.00
UUP Danny Kennedy 9.26 53,052 54,736      
Green (NI) Clare Bailey 2.18 12,471        
UKIP Robert Hill 0.89 5,115        
Independent Jane Morrice 0.30 1,719        
Independent Neil McCann 0.17 948        
NI Conservatives Amandeep Singh Bhogal 0.12 662        
Electorate: 1,278,951   Valid: 572,447   Spoilt: 4,649 (0.81%)   Quota: 143,112   Turnout: 577,275 (45.14%)

    2014

    Ten candidates stood in the election.[3][4]

    2014 European Parliament election: Northern Ireland[5][6]
    PartyCandidateFPv%Count
    12345678
    Sinn Féin Martina Anderson 25.5 159,813              
    DUP Diane Dodds 20.9 131,163 131,831 131,845 133,465 139,791 143,009 179,302  
    UUP Jim Nicholson 13.3 83,438 84,418 84,426 86,672 92,301 99,260 135,993 158,212
    SDLP Alex Attwood 13.0 81,594 81,790 83,845 87,028 88,147 112,822 114,981 115,273
    TUV Jim Allister 12.1 75,806 76,182 76,195 77,065 84,438 86,020    
    Alliance Anna Lo 7.1 44,432 44,978 45,292 53,953 55,347      
    UKIP Henry Reilly 3.9 24,584 24,914 24,945 26,017        
    Green (NI) Ross Brown 1.7 10,598 10,923 11,038          
    NI21 Tina McKenzie 1.7 10,553 10,823 10,862          
    NI Conservatives Mark Brotherston 0.7 4,144              
    Electorate: 1,226,771   Valid: 626,125   Spoilt: 9,968 (1.6%)   Quota: 156,532   Turnout: 635927

      2009

      2009 European Parliament election: Northern Ireland[7]
      PartyCandidateFPv%Count
      123
      Sinn Féin Bairbre de Brún 26.0 126,184    
      DUP Diane Dodds 18.2 88,346 91,260 115,722
      UCU-NF Jim Nicholson 17.1 82,893 94,285 132,227
      SDLP Alban Maginness 16.2 78,489 94,814 97,428
      TUV Jim Allister 13.7 66,197 70,481  
      Alliance Ian Parsley 5.5 26,699    
      Green (NI) Steven Agnew 3.3 15,764    
      Electorate: 1,141,979   Valid: 484,572   Spoilt: 4,319 (0.9%)   Quota: 121,144   Turnout: 488,891

        2004

        2004 European Parliament election: Northern Ireland[8]
        PartyCandidateFPv%Count
        123
        DUP Jim Allister 32.0 175,761    
        Sinn Féin Bairbre de Brún 26.3 144,541    
        UUP Jim Nicholson 16.6 91,164 124,646 147,058
        SDLP Martin Morgan 15.9 87,559 88,010 108,531
        Independent John Gilliland 6.6 36,270 39,390  
        Socialist Environmental Eamonn McCann 1.6 9,172 9,268  
        Green (NI) Lindsay Whitcroft 0.9 4,810 5,134  
        Electorate: 1,072,669   Valid: 549,277   Spoilt: 5,467 (1.0%)   Quota: 137,320   Turnout: 554,744

          Gilliland's candidacy was supported by Alliance, Workers' Party, Labour and others.[9]

          1999

          1999 European Parliament election: Northern Ireland[10]
          PartyCandidateFPv%Count
          123
          DUP Ian Paisley 28.4 192,762    
          SDLP John Hume 28.1 190,731    
          UUP Jim Nicholson 17.6 119,507 162,627 184,739
          Sinn Féin Mitchel McLaughlin 17.3 117,643 119,352 119,384
          PUP David Ervine 3.31 22,494    
          UK Unionist Robert McCartney 2.98 20,283    
          Alliance Seán Neeson 2.12 14,391    
          Natural Law James Anderson 0.15 998    
          Electorate: 1,191,307   Valid: 678,809   Spoilt: 8,764   Quota: 169,703   Turnout: 687,573

            1994

            1994 European Parliament election: Northern Ireland - 3 seats[11][12]
            PartyCandidateFPv%Count
            12
            DUP Ian Paisley 29.2 163,246  
            SDLP John Hume 28.9 161,992  
            UUP Jim Nicholson 23.8 133,459 149,541.25
            Alliance Mary Clark-Glass 4.1 23,157 23,375.55
            Sinn Féin Tom Hartley 3.8 21,273 21,278.10
            Sinn Féin Dodie McGuinness 3.1 17,195 17,238.95
            Sinn Féin Francie Molloy 3.0 16,747 16.756.60
            Ulster Independence Hugh Ross 1.4 7,858 12,575.05
            NI Conservatives Myrtle Boal 1.0 5,583 6,106.95
            Workers' Party John Lowry 0.5 2,543 2,579.00
            Labour Party NI Niall Cusack 0.4 2,464 2,518.90
            Natural Law James Anderson 0.2 1,418 1,492.70
            Independent June Campion 0.2 1,088 1,127.15
            Independent David Kerr 0.1 571 877.15
            Natural Law Susannah Thompson 0.1 454 534.40
            Natural Law Michael Kennedy 0.1 419 443.90
            Independent Robert Mooney 0.1 400 455.95
            Electorate: 1,151,389   Valid: 559,867   Spoilt: 9,234   Quota: 139,967   Turnout: 49.4%
              • Note 1: Campion's candidacy, with the ballot paper description 'Peace Coalition', was supported by Democratic Left, the Greens and some Labour groups.
              • Note 2: Kerr appeared on the ballot paper with the description Independence for Ulster.
              • Note 3: Mooney appeared on the ballot paper with the description Constitutional Independent Northern Ireland.

              1989

              1989 European Parliament election: Northern Ireland[13]
              PartyCandidateFPv%Count
              12
              DUP Ian Paisley 29.9 160,110  
              SDLP John Hume 25.5 136,335  
              UUP Jim Nicholson 22.2 118,785 141,583
              Sinn Féin Danny Morrison 9.1 48,914 48,987
              Alliance John Alderdice 5.2 27,905 28,633
              NI Conservatives Myrtle Boal 4.8 25,789 26,872
              Green (NI) Malcolm Samuel 1.2 6,569 6,876
              Workers' Party Seamus Lynch 1.0 5,590 5,668
              Labour Mark Langhammer 0.7 3,540 3,661
              Labour Party NI Brian Caul 0.2 1,274 1,304
              Electorate: 1,106,852   Valid: 534,811   Spoilt: 5,356   Quota: 133,703   Turnout: 540,167

                Langhammer appeared on the ballot as the 'Labour Representation' candidate – the Campaign for Labour Representation aimed to persuade the British Labour Party to organise in Northern Ireland.

                Caul appeared on the ballot as the candidate of Labour '87, a merger of the Labour Party of Northern Ireland, Northern Ireland Labour Party, Ulster Liberal Party and United Labour Party.

                1984

                1984 European Parliament election: Northern Ireland[14]
                PartyCandidateFPv%Count
                1234
                DUP Ian Paisley 33.6 230,251      
                SDLP John Hume 22.1 151,399 151,664 156,310 183,256
                UUP John Taylor 21.5 147,169 185,714    
                Sinn Féin Danny Morrison 13.3 91,476 91,525 92,644 93,079
                Alliance David Cook 5.0 34,046 34,892 37,401  
                UPUP James Kilfedder 2.9 20,092 38,293 38,854  
                Workers' Party Seamus Lynch 1.3 8,712 8,813    
                Ecology Colin McGuigan 0.3 2,172 2,236    
                Electorate: 1,065,363   Valid: 685,317   Spoilt: 11,654   Quota: 171,330   Turnout: 696,994

                  1979

                  1979 European Parliament election: Northern Ireland[15]
                  PartyCandidateFPv%Count
                  123456
                  DUP Ian Paisley 29.8 170,688          
                  SDLP John Hume 24.5 140,622 140,676 146,072      
                  UUP John Taylor 11.9 68,185 77,228 80,207 80,405 96,407 153,466
                  UUP Harry West 10.0 56,984 61,163 61,952 62,140 65,915  
                  Alliance Oliver Napier 6.8 39,026 39,404 45,702 51,263    
                  Independent Unionist James Kilfedder 6.7 38,198 50,622 53,986 54,623 69,383 72,557
                  Independent Republican Bernadette McAliskey 5.9 33,969 33,975 36,105      
                  Independent David Bleakley 1.6 9,383 9,600        
                  United Labour Paddy Devlin 1.1 6,122 6,146        
                  Unionist Party NI Eddie Cummings 0.6 3,712 3,836        
                  Republican Clubs Brian Brennan 0.6 3,258 3,263        
                  Republican Clubs Francis Donnelly 0.2 1,160 1,164        
                  Ulster Liberal James Murray 0.2 932 948        
                  Electorate: 1,029,490   Valid: 572,239   Spoilt: 13,773   Quota: 143,060   Turnout: 586,059

                    Bleakley appeared on the ballot paper with the description 'United Community'.

                    References


                    1. Tuaisceart Éireann. DFA.ie. Retrieved 27 March 2016.
                    2. NI, Electoral Office (27 May 2019). "Updated Stage 1 resultspic.twitter.com/Ii6oAVzWP5".
                    3. Purdy, Martina (24 April 2014). "Ten candidates for NI Euro seats" via www.bbc.co.uk.
                    4. Shields, Graham (25 April 2014). "Statement of Persons Nominated". Electoral Office for Northern Ireland. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
                    5. The 2014 European Elections, Northern Ireland Elections
                    6. BBC News - Vote 2014, Northern Ireland European election count
                    7. The 2009 European Election, Northern Ireland Elections
                    8. The 2004 European Election, Northern Ireland Elections
                    9. "Independent Candidate John Gilliland". BBC News. 18 May 2004.
                    10. The 1999 European Election, Northern Ireland Elections
                    11. The 1994 European Election, Northern Ireland Elections
                    12. , Northern Ireland Social and Political Archive
                    13. The 1989 European Election, Northern Ireland Elections
                    14. The 1984 European Election, Northern Ireland Elections
                    15. The 1979 European Election, Northern Ireland Elections