Northern Mariana Islands

The Northern Mariana Islands, officially the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI; Chamorro: Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas; Carolinian: Commonwealth Téél Falúw kka Efáng llól Marianas; formerly in Spanish: Islas Marianas del Norte, in German: Nördliche Marianen, Japanese: 北マリアナ諸島, romanized: Kita Mariana shotō), is an unincorporated territory and commonwealth of the United States consisting of 14 islands in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.[8] The CNMI includes the 14 northernmost islands in the Mariana Archipelago; the southernmost island, Guam, is a separate U.S. territory. The CNMI and Guam are the easternmost territories of the United States.

Northern Mariana Islands
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas  (Chamorro)
Commonwealth Téél Falúw kka Efáng llól Marianas  (Carolinian)
Anthem: "Gi Talo Gi Halom Tasi" (Chamorro)
"Satil Matawal Pacifiko" (Carolinian)
("In the Middle of the Sea")
Location of the Northern Mariana Islands
(circled in red)
Sovereign stateUnited States
Before union with U.S.Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands
Commonwealth StatusJanuary 9, 1978
End of U.N. TrusteeshipNovember 4, 1986
Capital
and largest city
Saipan
15.19°N 145.74°E / 15.19; 145.74
Official languages
Ethnic groups
(2010)[1]
Religion
(2010)[2]
Demonym(s)Northern Mariana Islander (formal)
Mariana (diminutive form)
Chamorro (colloquial)[3]
GovernmentDevolved presidential constitutional dependency
 Governor
Ralph Torres (R)
Arnold Palacios (R)
LegislatureCommonwealth Legislature
Senate
House of Representatives
United States Congress
Gregorio Sablan (I)
Area
 Total
464[4][5] km2 (179 sq mi)
 Water (%)
negligible
Highest elevation3,166 ft (965 m)
Population
 2021 estimate
51,659[6] (209th)
 Density
113/km2 (292.7/sq mi) (97th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 Total
$1.24 billion[6]
 Per capita
$24,500[6]
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
 Total
US$1,182,000,000[7]
CurrencyUnited States dollar (US$) (USD)
Time zoneUTC+10:00 (ChST)
Date formatmm/dd/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+1-670
USPS abbreviation
MP
Trad. abbreviation
CNMI
ISO 3166 code
Internet TLD.mp
Websitegov.mp

The United States Department of the Interior cites a landmass of 183.5 square miles (475.26 km2).[9] According to the 2010 United States Census, 53,883 people were living in the CNMI at that time.[10] The vast majority of the population resides on Saipan, Tinian, and Rota. The other islands of the Northern Marianas are sparsely inhabited; the most notable among these is Pagan, which for various reasons over the centuries has experienced major population flux, but formerly had residents numbering in the thousands.[11][12]

The administrative center is Capitol Hill, a village in northwestern Saipan. However, most[quantify] publications[which?] consider Saipan to be the capital because the island is governed as a single municipality.