Northern Mariana Islands

The Northern Mariana Islands, officially the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands[lower-alpha 1] (CNMI; Chamorro: Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas; Carolinian: Commonwealth Téél Falúw kka Efáng llól Marianas), is an unincorporated territory and commonwealth of the United States consisting of 14 islands in the northwestern Pacific Ocean.[10] The CNMI includes the 14 northernmost islands in the Mariana Archipelago; the southernmost island, Guam, is a separate U.S. territory. The Northern Marianas Islands are listed by the United Nations as one of 17 non-self governing territories.

Northern Mariana Islands
Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands[lower-alpha 1]
Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas (Chamorro)
Commonwealth Téél Falúw kka Efáng llól Marianas (Carolinian)
Anthem: "Gi Talo Gi Halom Tasi" (Chamorro)
"Satil Matawal Pacifiko" (Carolinian)
("In the Middle of the Sea")
Location of the Northern Mariana Islands
Location of the Northern Mariana Islands
(circled in red)
Sovereign stateUnited States[lower-alpha 2]
Before association with the United StatesTrust Territory of the Pacific Islands
Commonwealth statusJanuary 9, 1978
End of U.N. TrusteeshipNovember 4, 1986
and largest city
15.19°N 145.74°E / 15.19; 145.74
Official languages
Ethnic groups
Demonym(s)Northern Mariana Islander (formal)
Northern Marianan (other)
Marianan (diminutive form)
Chamorro (colloquial)[3]
GovernmentDevolved presidential constitutional dependency
Arnold Palacios (I)
David M. Apatang (I)
LegislatureCommonwealth Legislature
House of Representatives
United States Congress
Gregorio Sablan (D)
464[4][5] km2 (179 sq mi)
 Water (%)
Highest elevation965 m (3,166 ft)
 2022 estimate
55,650[6] (209th)
 2020 census
113/km2 (292.7/sq mi) (97th)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
$1.24 billion[6]
 Per capita
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
 Per capita
CurrencyUnited States dollar (US$) (USD)
Time zoneUTC+10:00 (ChST)
Date formatmm/dd/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code+1-670
USPS abbreviation
Trad. abbreviation
ISO 3166 code

The United States Department of the Interior cites a landmass of 183.5 square miles (475.26 km2).[11] According to the 2020 United States Census, 47,329 people were living in the CNMI at that time.[7] The vast majority of the population resides on Saipan, Tinian, and Rota. The other islands of the Northern Marianas are sparsely inhabited; the most notable among these is Pagan, which for various reasons over the centuries has experienced major population flux, but formerly had residents numbering in the thousands.[12][13]

The administrative center is Capitol Hill, a village in northwestern Saipan.

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