Northwest China


Northwest China (Chinese: 西北; pinyin: Xīběi; lit. 'West-north') is a statistical region of China which includes the autonomous regions of Xinjiang and Ningxia and the provinces of Shaanxi, Gansu and Qinghai. It has an area of 3.107.900 km2.

Northwestern China
Northwest China
Population
96.6 million

Administrative divisions


GB[1] ISO No.[2] Province Chinese Name Capital Population Density Area Abbreviation/Symbol
Shǎn (Qín) 61 Shaanxi Province 陕西省
Shǎnxī Shěng
Xi'an 37,327,378 181.55 205,600 SN 陕(秦)
Gān (Lǒng) 62 Gansu Province 甘肃省
Gānsù Shěng
Lanzhou 25,575,254 56.29 454,300 GS 甘(陇)
Qīng 63 Qinghai Province 青海省
Qīnghǎi Shěng
Xining 5,626,722 7.80 721,200 QH
Níng 64 Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region 宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
Yinchuan 6,301,350 94.89 66,400 NX
Xīn 65 Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region 新疆维吾尔自治区
Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū
Ürümqi 21,813,334 13.13 1,660,400 XJ

Cities with urban area over one million in population


#CityUrban area[3]District area[3]City proper[3]Prov.Census date
1Xi'an5,206,2536,501,1908,467,838SN2010-11-01
2Ürümqi2,853,3983,029,3723,112,559XJ2010-11-01
3Lanzhou2,438,5952,628,4263,616,163GS2010-11-01
4Yinchuan1,159,4571,290,1701,993,088NX2010-11-01
5Xining1,153,4171,198,3042,208,708QH2010-11-01

Outer Northwest China


Outer Northwest China (Chinese: 外西北; pinyin: Wài Xīběi) refers to small portions of territories of the Qing dynasty that were later annexed by the Russian Empire through the Convention of Peking, Treaty of Tarbagatai, Treaty of Saint Petersburg (1881) and other unequal treaties referred by Chinese interpretation. During Qing rule, the territories formed parts of far-Western Xinjiang, Northwestern Outer Mongolia and the entirety of Tannu Uriankhai. Prior to Qing rule, Outer Northwest China was part of the Dzungar Khanate but the region was annexed into the Qing Empire in the aftermath of the Dzungar–Qing Wars.

Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the region is now divided among two successor states of the Soviet Union: Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.

See also


References


  1. CHGIS. "Database Design". www.people.fas.harvard.edu. Retrieved 31 March 2018.
  2. ISO 3166-2:CN (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of China)
  3. 国务院人口普查办公室、国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司编 (2012). 中国2010年人口普查分县资料. Beijing: 中国统计出版社 [China Statistics Press]. ISBN 978-7-5037-6659-6.