Northwood Headquarters


Northwood Headquarters is a military headquarters facility of the British Armed Forces in Eastbury, Hertfordshire, England, adjacent to the London suburb of Northwood. It is home to the following military command and control functions:

  1. Headquarters, Strategic Command, formerly Joint Forces Command
  2. the Permanent Joint Headquarters
  3. the Commander Operations for the Royal Navy
  4. the NATO Allied Maritime Command

Northwood Headquarters
Eastbury, Hertfordshire in England
The Permanent Joint Headquarters (PJHQ) building at Northwood Headquarters
Northwood HQ
Location in Greater London
Coordinates51°37′10″N 000°24′34″W
TypeMilitary headquarters
Site information
OwnerMinistry of Defence
Operator Royal Navy
 British Army
 Royal Air Force
Controlled byStrategic Command
ConditionOperational
Site history
Built1939 (1939)
In use1939 – present

History


The headquarters is on the grounds of Eastbury Park. In 1938 the Royal Air Force took over the site for the use of RAF Coastal Command which made use of the Eastbury house and also created a network of underground bunkers and operations blocks.[1] The house was used as an Officers' Mess though it was subsequently damaged by fire.[2]

In 1953 the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet, gained an additional NATO responsibility as Commander-in-Chief, Eastern Atlantic, as part of SACLANT, and the Eastern Atlantic NATO military command structure was established at the Northwood Headquarters. The Commander-in-Chief Home Fleet still flew his flag however in HMS Tyne at Portsmouth. In 1960 the Commander-in-Chief Home Fleet moved to Northwood, in 1963 the Naval unit at Northwood was commissioned as HMS Warrior and in 1966 the NATO Channel Command (a post also held by the Commander-in-Chief Home Fleet) moved to Northwood from Portsmouth.[3] The RAF completely vacated the site in 1969.[3]

In September 1971, when the post of Commander-in-Chief Fleet was established, the Royal Navy took over responsibility for the whole site and in 1978 the Flag Officer Submarines also moved his Headquarters to Northwood.[3]

As Headquarters of the Commander-in-Chief Fleet, the site was the controlling Headquarters for Operation Corporate, the Falklands War, in 1982.[4]

The Permanent Joint Headquarters was established on site in April 1996.[5]

In 2002, following a rationalisation, the Commander-in-Chief Fleet moved the majority of his staff to Portsmouth and handed over the Northwood site to the Chief of Joint Operations.[6]

In 2006 major construction works commenced to improve the functionality of the site: the works, which involved the refurbishment or replacement of many of the key buildings, were carried under a Private Finance Initiative contract by Carillion.[7] The Queen visited the site on 6 May 2010 to open the main Permanent Joint Headquarters building, part of a £150 million redevelopment of the site.[8]

Joint Forces Command was established on site in April 2012.[9] On 9 December 2019, it was announced that Joint Forces Command had been renamed as Strategic Command.[10]

The Operational Headquarters for the EU Naval Force moved from Northwood to Rota, Spain and to Brest, France on 29 March 2019.[11]

Occupants


Strategic Command

Strategic Command (UKStratCom) is a tri-service organisation managing allocated joint capabilities from the three armed services.[9]

Permanent Joint Headquarters

Permanent Joint Headquarters (PJHQ) is a tri-service organisation holding Operational Control of British armed forces joint military operation. PJHQ is headed by the Chief of Joint Operations. Single-service operations remain under the operational control of the appropriate front-line command.[3]

Royal Navy

The Commander Operations remains with the current operations staff on the Northwood site. Among Commander Operations' responsibilities are command of Commander Task Force (CTF) 311 (UK attack submarines) and CTF 345 (UK nuclear missile submarines).[12][13]

Reservists from HMS Wildfire, part of the Royal Naval Reserve, who had moved from the Northwood Headquarters site to Brackenhill House on Oxhey Drive South in 1988, moved back into a new building on the Northwood Headquarters site in June 2011.[14]

NATO Allied Maritime Command

The NATO Allied Maritime Command is based at Northwood, and comes under the Command and Control of the Allied Command Operations.[15]

Support units

The Headquarters Staffs are supported by:[3]

References


  1. "Ministry of Defence | About Defence | What we do | Doctrine Operations and Diplomacy | PJHQ | PJHQ - History". webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved 2 June 2019.
  2. Bowlt, Eileen. M (1994). Ruislip Past. London: Historical Publications. ISBN 0-948667-29-X.
  3. Ministry of Defence (2011). "Northwood Headquarters". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
  4. "British Task Force Units". Naval-History.org. Retrieved 23 October 2006.
  5. "Permanent Joint Headquarters". Armed Forces. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  6. "Admiral Sir Jonathon Band KCB (left) and Admiral Sir Alan West KCB DSC (right) at the Change of Command Ceremony at the NATO HQ at Northwood". 2 August 2002. Retrieved 22 August 2012.
  7. Stocks, Caroline (31 July 2006). "Carillion awarded military assignment". Building. Retrieved 11 April 2011.
  8. Matti, Siba (6 May 2010). "Queen to visit Northwood military HQ". Uxbridge Gazette. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
  9. "New Joint Forces Command established". 2 April 2012. Retrieved 22 May 2014.
  10. "Joint Forces Command to Strategic Command, the journey". gov.uk. Strategic Command. 9 December 2019. Retrieved 9 December 2019. JFC is also being renamed Strategic Command to better reflect the contribution it makes to defence.
  11. "European Union Naval Force Operation Atalanta". Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  12. Joining Britain's Royal Navy Archived 26 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine Undersea Warfare
  13. "SUEZ WAR OF 1956". Godfreydykes.info. 5 November 1956. Retrieved 19 June 2013.
  14. Binnie, Adam (15 June 2011). "Royal Navy Reservists move back into Northwood Headquarters". Watford Observer. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
  15. "MARCOM". NATO. Archived from the original on 21 November 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.