Nowruz

Nowruz (Persian: نوروز, pronounced [nowˈɾuːz]; lit.'new day') is the Iranian New Year,[22] also known as the Persian New Year,[23] which begins on the spring equinox,[24] marking the first day of Farvardin, the first month of the Iranian solar calendar. It is celebrated worldwide by various ethnolinguistic groups and falls on or around March 21 of the Gregorian calendar. In 2021, Nowruz fell on March 20.[21]

Nowruz
نوروز
Top to bottom, left to right:
Observed by
Nowruz, an ancient holiday originally celebrated by Iranic ethnic group
TypeNational, ethnic, international
SignificanceNew Year holiday
DateMarch 20, 2021;[21] varies between March 19, 20, 21
Frequencyannual
Norooz, Nawrouz, Newroz, Novruz, Nowrouz, Nawrouz, Nauryz, Nooruz, Nowruz, Navruz, Nevruz, Nowruz, Navruz
CountryAfghanistan, Azerbaijan, India, Iran, Iraq, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan
Reference1161
RegionAsia and the Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription2016 (4th session)

Nowruz has Iranian and Zoroastrian origins; however, it has been celebrated by diverse communities for over 3,000 years in Western Asia, Central Asia, the Caucasus, the Black Sea Basin, the Balkans, and South Asia.[25][26][27][28] It is a secular holiday for most celebrants that is enjoyed by people of several different faiths, but it remains a holy day for Zoroastrians,[29] Baháʼís,[30] and some Muslim communities.[31][32]

As the spring equinox, Nowruz marks the beginning of spring in the Northern Hemisphere.[33] The moment the Sun crosses the celestial equator and equalizes night and day is calculated exactly every year, and families gather together to observe the rituals.

While Nowruz has been celebrated since the reform of the Iranian calendar in the 11th century CE to mark the new year, the United Nations officially recognized the "International Day of Nowruz" with the adoption of UN resolution 64/253 in 2010.[34]


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