Nowy Targ


Nowy Targ [ˈnɔvɨ ˈtark] (Latin: Novum Forum, Slovak: Nový Targ, German: Neumarkt, Yiddish: ניימארקט Naymarkt, Goral: Miasto/Nowý Targ) is a town in southern Poland with 34,000 inhabitants (2006). It is the capital of Goralscyzna and the Podhale region within it. The town is situated in a valley beneath the Gorce Mountains featuring Gorce National Park established in 1981, at the confluence of rivers Biały and Czarny Dunajec. Administratively, it is in Nowy Targ County in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship. It was previously in Nowy Sącz Voivodeship (1975–1998).

Nowy Targ
Center of Nowy Targ
Nowy Targ
Nowy Targ
Coordinates: 49°28′N 20°1′E
Country Poland
Voivodeship Lesser Poland
CountyNowy Targ County
GminaNowy Targ (urban gmina)
Established13th century
Town rights1346
Government
  MayorGrzegorz Watycha
Area
  Total51.07 km2 (19.72 sq mi)
Highest elevation
1,138 m (3,734 ft)
Lowest elevation
585 m (1,919 ft)
Population
 (2006)
  Total33,493
  Density660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
34-400 to 34-403
Area code(s)+48 182
Car platesKNT
Websitehttp://www.nowytarg.pl

Timeline of town history


  • 1308 - Cistercians receive a land grant to form new settlements in the mountain region. A border settlement called Stare Cło (German: Altzoll, English: Old Customs Post) is founded soon thereafter.[1]
  • 1346 - Nowy Targ founded by King Casimir the Great, based on the Stare Cło settlement, and granted significant internal autonomy based on Magdeburg law.[2]
  • 1487 - King Casimir IV Jagiellon grants the rights to two annual festivals, and a weekly market fair on Thursdays. (The weekly open-air market continues to this day, now on Thursday and Saturday mornings.)
  • 1533 - Nowy Targ obtains a statute requiring merchants to pass through the city when crossing the border.
  • 1601 - Great fire destroys the parochial church and city records.
  • 1656 - Swedish troops sack the town during the Deluge.
  • 1670 The Battle of Nowy Targ occurs ending the Peasant Rebellion in Podhale of Gorals
  • 1710 - Another fire consumes 41 houses and the church.
  • 1770 - Nowy Targ annexed by Austria (see: Partitions of Poland).
  • 1886 - City Hall opens.
  • 1914 - Vladimir Ilyich Lenin is arrested as a possible spy in southern Poland by Austrian authorities; he is jailed in Nowy Targ for approximately 12 days.[3]
  • 1918-1920 - The region becomes part of the Lemko Republic after World War I.
  • 1933 - Polish president Ignacy Mościcki visits.
  • 1939 - German forces invade on 1 September, at approx. 16:30.
  • 1941 - Resistance movement called the Tatra Confederation formed in Nowy Targ.
  • 1942 - Jewish ghetto liquidated by Nazis on 30 August.
  • 1945 - The Red Army forces out German occupants on 29 January. 4 Jewish Holocaust survivors who return to the town are being murdered by locals and the rest flee.
  • 1966 - Born Wojciech Wiercioch, Polish writer.
  • 1979 - Pope John Paul II visits Nowy Targ on 8 June, during his first pilgrimage to Poland.

Geography


Nowy Targ is located in the heart of (Goral;Gorolscýzna, Polish;Goralscyzna) at the altitude of 585–850 m above sea level (AMSL); latitude 49°28' N, longitude 20°01' E. Distance to the main urban agglomerations in Poland is: Warsaw376 km (234 mi), Łódź348 km (216 mi), Kraków84 km (52 mi), Gdańsk690 km (429 mi), Wrocław346 km (215 mi), Katowice157 km (98 mi), Kielce200 km (124 mi), Rzeszów214 km (133 mi), Szczecin727 km (452 mi), Białystok - 574 km (357 mi), Poznań475 km (295 mi), Częstochowa226 km (140 mi), Słupsk759 km (472 mi).

Climate

Due to its altitude, Nowy Targ is one of the coldest cities in Poland together with Suwałki and Zakopane. Winter usually lasts from late November to early April and between 90 and 110 days a year there is a snow cover. Air frost has been measured in every month of the year except for July. Summers are mild with occasional thunderstorms and high temperatures between 17 and 25 degrees Celsius. Hot days (over 30 °C (86 °F)) are rare, only occurring twice annually on average. Precipitation is heavy for Polish standards, varying between 900 millimeters (35 in) at the airport and 1,100 millimeters (43 in) in Kowaniec to around 1,350 millimeters (53 in) on Bukowina Miejska, the highest part of the city. The growing season equally varies between on average 150 days on Bukowina Miejska to around 200 days in the lower parts of the city. Nowy Targ is in the AHS Heat Zones 1-2 and USDA Hardiness Zone 4a to 5b, depending on the location.

According to the Köppen climate classification, Nowy Targ straddles the border of the Warm Summer Continental (Dfb) and Subarctic (Dfc) climates, with most of the city falling in the Dfb group. The Dfc climate is only found above 800 meters (2,600 ft)of elevation within Nowy Targ.

Climate data for Nowy Targ - Kowaniec, Poland (640 m)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.5
(59.9)
17.3
(63.1)
20.8
(69.4)
26.5
(79.7)
30.1
(86.2)
32.8
(91.0)
33.3
(91.9)
34.0
(93.2)
29.8
(85.6)
25.7
(78.3)
22.3
(72.1)
14.2
(57.6)
34.0
(93.2)
Average high °C (°F) −2.0
(28.4)
−1.3
(29.7)
4.9
(40.8)
11.8
(53.2)
17.1
(62.8)
20.1
(68.2)
20.9
(69.6)
20.5
(68.9)
18.0
(64.4)
11.6
(52.9)
3.8
(38.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
10.4
(50.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −5.3
(22.5)
−4.8
(23.4)
−0.4
(31.3)
5.4
(41.7)
11.3
(52.3)
13.8
(56.8)
14.7
(58.5)
14.3
(57.7)
10.7
(51.3)
5.6
(42.1)
0.0
(32.0)
−3.5
(25.7)
5.1
(41.2)
Average low °C (°F) −9.0
(15.8)
−8.7
(16.3)
−6.0
(21.2)
−1.2
(29.8)
5.5
(41.9)
7.8
(46.0)
9.0
(48.2)
7.9
(46.2)
4.1
(39.4)
0.2
(32.4)
−3.5
(25.7)
−6.7
(19.9)
−0.1
(31.8)
Record low °C (°F) −37.4
(−35.3)
−34.1
(−29.4)
−25.6
(−14.1)
−13.5
(7.7)
−6.1
(21.0)
−3.5
(25.7)
0.9
(33.6)
−2.2
(28.0)
−5.8
(21.6)
−14.1
(6.6)
−22.7
(−8.9)
−28.9
(−20.0)
−37.4
(−35.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 55
(2.2)
53
(2.1)
60
(2.4)
85
(3.3)
115
(4.5)
147
(5.8)
162
(6.4)
126
(5.0)
93
(3.7)
67
(2.6)
60
(2.4)
55
(2.2)
1,078
(42.4)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 68 85 112 134 175 167 159 156 125 118 81 58 1,438
Source: IMGW

Culture


Town hall in Nowy Targ
  • City Cultural Center (Miejski Ośrodek Kultury)
  • Youth Cultural Center (Młodzieżowy Dom Kultury)
  • The Jatka Gallery (Galeria Jatki)

Museums

  • Museum of Podhale (Muzeum Podhalańskie PTTK)

Cinemas

Architecture


St. Catherine Church

Wooden church overseeing the city cemetery. Its origins date to the 15th century, although local legends describe it as founded in 1219.

St. Anna Church

Initially built in a gothic style, it was later repaired and rebuilt featuring, among others, a baroque altar piece and paintings, a rococo pulpit, and 18th-century organ and bell tower.

St. Catherine Church

Dedicated to St. Catherine of Alexandria, the church was built in 1346 by King Casimir the Great. It is the oldest existing church of the Podhale region.

The church has been damaged by numerous fires and military attacks, and subsequently rebuilt and renovated. The interior retains its baroque character, especially in the altar and side chapels, although numerous pieces are replicas of wooden originals lost to fire. A painting of St. Catherine from 1892 dominates the main altar.

Education


Sport


A mountain lodge on Turbacz Mountain

Ice hockey

Floorball

The Conservation of Nature


Nature reserves

International relations


Twin towns — Sister cities

Nowy Targ is twinned with:

See also


References


Notes
  1. Mieczysław Adamczyk, et al. Dzieje miasta Nowego Targu (History of the City of Nowy Targ), p.35, Podhalańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk: 1991.
  2. Mieczysław Adamczyk, et al., op. cit. Quoted after: J. Rafacz, Dzieje i ustrój Podhala Nowotarskiego za czasów dawnej Rzeczypospolitej,, p. 161, Warszawa: 1931.
  3. Krupskaya, Nadezhda (5 September 2017). Мой муж - Владимир Ленин [My husband - Vladimir Lenin] (in Russian). Издательство Алгоритм. ISBN 978-5040661091.
  4. "Oficiálne stránky mesta Kežmarok". kezmarok.sk. Archived from the original on 1 March 2010. Retrieved 8 February 2010.