Numbered musical notation

The numbered musical notation (simplified Chinese: 简谱; traditional Chinese: 簡譜; pinyin: jiǎnpǔ; lit. 'simplified notation', not to be confused with the integer notation), is a cipher notation system used in China, and to some extent in Japan (with 7th being si[clarification needed]), Indonesia, Australia, Ireland, the United Kingdom[citation needed], the United States and English-speaking Canada. It dates back to the system designed by Pierre Galin, known as Galin-Paris-Chevé system. It is also known as Ziffernsystem, meaning "number system" or "cipher system" in German.