A numismatist is a specialist in numismatics ("of coins"; from Late Latin numismatis, genitive of numisma). Numismatists include collectors, specialist dealers, and scholars who use coins and other currency in object-based research. Although use of the term numismatics was first recorded in English in 1829, people had been collecting and studying coins long before this, all over the world.[1]

The first group chiefly derives pleasure from the simple ownership of monetary devices and studying these coins as private amateur scholars. In the classical field amateur collector studies have achieved quite remarkable progress in the field. Examples are Walter Breen, a well-known example of a noted numismatist who was not an avid collector, and King Farouk I of Egypt was an avid collector[2] who had very little interest in numismatics. Harry Bass by comparison was a noted collector who was also a numismatist.

The second group are the coin dealers. Often called professional numismatists, they authenticate or grade coins for commercial purposes. The buying and selling of coin collections by numismatists who are professional dealers advance the study of money, and expert numismatists are consulted by historians, museum curators, and archaeologists. See, for example, the International Association of Professional Numismatists (IAPN) and the British Numismatic Trade Association (BNTA).

The third category are scholar numismatists working in public collections, universities or as independent scholars acquiring knowledge about monetary devices, their systems, their economy and their historical context.[3] Coins are especially relevant as a source in the pre-modern period.

Training and recognition

There are very few academic institutions around the world that offer formal training in numismatics. Some may offer numismatics as part of a course in classical studies, ancient history, history or archaeology. Scholar numismatists may focus on numismatics at the postgraduate level, where the training is more research-based. As a result, most scholar numismatists will approach numismatics from within another academic discipline (e.g. history, archaeology, ancient or modern languages, metal sciences), perhaps after attending a numismatic summer school, usually based where there is an excellent coin collection. Recognition of scholarly numismatic expertise may be in the form of a postgraduate qualification, and/or in the form of a medal awarded by a numismatic society: for example, the Medal of the Royal Numismatic Society, which may be awarded to scholar numismatists of any nationality.

Donald H. Kagin[4] earned the first PhD in Numismatics granted in the United States in 1979.[5]

Numismatic institutes

Numismatic summer schools

Numismatic organizations (selection)

Biographical resources

As scholar numismatists work on coins (and related objects) within their particular area of interest (e.g. a particular part of the world, a particular period of history, or a particular culture), they are often known in those fields, as well as in numismatics. Biographical resources relating specifically to numismatists include the following:

  • Manville, H.E., Biographical Dictionary of British and Irish Numismatics, Encyclopaedia of British Numismatics. Volume IV (London, 2009)[24]
  • Smith, Pete:, American Numismatic Biographies (1992).[25]
  • "Numismatic Who's Who", in Coins Weekly.[26]
  • de Callataÿ, F., Portraits of Famous Numismatists who died before 1800[27]
  • de Callataÿ, F., Portraits of Famous Numismatists who died after 1800[28]
  • Famous Numismatists - Les grands numismates,[29] on the International Numismatic Council webpage
  • Encyclopedic Dictionary of Numismatic Biographies[30] - focus on American numismatists
  • Numismatics - Biographical Information, on The E-Sylum[31]

List of scholar numismatists


  1. "Numismatist". Archived from the original on November 5, 2014. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
  2. Lester, Carl N. "Numismatic "Gumshoe:" On the Trail of King Farouk". Gold Rush Gallery. Archived from the original on 2017-02-27. Retrieved 2016-10-28.
  3. "An Overview of Numismatics". Gainesville Coins. Archived from the original on March 20, 2014. Retrieved June 13, 2013.
  4. "Newman Numismatic Portal at Washington University in St. Louis | Comprehensive Research & Reference for U.S. Coinage". Archived from the original on 2018-07-11. Retrieved 2018-07-11.
  5. "Kagin's Rare Coin & Currency". Archived from the original on 2018-07-11. Retrieved 2018-07-11.
  6. "ICOM Network - Just another WordPress site" (PDF).
  7. "International Centre for Numismatics". The Numismatic Chronicle. 9. 1969. JSTOR 42681892.
  8. "Summer Seminar | American Numismatic Association".
  9. "Summer Seminar | American Numismatic Society". Archived from the original on 27 March 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  10. "British Museum - Numismatics summer school". Archived from the original on 2016-10-28. Retrieved 2016-10-28.
  11. ingevoerd, Geen OWMS velden. "News". Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  12. "(ANE)". March 26, 2019. Archived from the original on 2019-03-26.
  13. "British Medal Art Society |".
  14. "BANS - The British Association of Numismatic Societies".
  15. "The Israel Numismatic Society".
  16. "Home". Koninklijk Nederlands Genootschap voor Munt- en Penningkunde.
  17. "Money & Medals Network".
  18. "Numismatische Gesellschaft zu Berlin e.V."
  19. "Oriental Numismatic Society - Home".
  20. "Österreichische Numismatische Gesellschaft – Gesellschaftsabende jeden Mittwoch von 15:00 bis 18:00".
  21. "Home Page - Società Numismatica Italiana".
  22. "Société française de numismatique – Depuis sa création en 1865, la Société française de numismatique offre un lieu de discussions et d'échanges à tous ceux qui s'intéressent à la monnaie et à la médaille, des origines à nos jours".
  23. "Svenska Numismatiska Föreningen - Swedish Numismatic Society".
  24. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-10-29. Retrieved 2016-10-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  25. "American Numismatic Biographies". July 11, 2012. Archived from the original on March 24, 2019. Retrieved July 11, 2019 via Internet Archive.
  26. "Whoswho | MünzenWoche". Archived from the original on 2019-06-28. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  27. "740 Portraits of famous numismatists. 1. Who died before 1800 ideas | numismatist, famous, pictures". Pinterest.
  28. "500+ Portraits of famous numismatists. 2. Who died after 1800 ideas | numismatist, famous, portrait". Pinterest.
  29. "INC cin".
  30. "Encyclopedic Dictionary of Numismatic Biographies - NUMISMATIC MALL.COM".
  31. "The Numismatic Bibliomania Society (NBS) - Asylum Subject Index".
  32. "Departments". The British Museum.
  34. "INC cin".
  35. "Médaille et jeton de vermeil – Société française de numismatique". Archived from the original on 2018-11-05. Retrieved 2019-01-03.
  36. "Martin Allen | The Fitzwilliam Museum".
  37. "Mitglieder der Numismatischen Kommission (ÖAW)". April 3, 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-04-03.
  40. "Marion Archibald, former curator at the British Museum, dies at age 80". November 9, 2016.
  41. "Arnold-Biucchi, Carmen | MünzenWoche".
  42. Ernest Babelon (1854-1924) by Felicity Bodenstein, in INC, Compte rendu 57, 2010, pp.33-38.
  43. "Baseri, Khadijeh (Zohreh) | MünzenWoche".
  44. obituaries " A Corner of Tenth-Century Europe Archived 2016-10-19 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2011-11-24.
  45. Mark Blackburn Archived 2018-08-14 at the Wayback Machine. Telegraph. Retrieved on 2011-11-24.
  47. "Andrew Brown | The British Museum -".
  48. "Dr Andrew Burnett FBA". The British Academy.
  49. "Bursche, Aleksander | MünzenWoche".
  50. Gabriele Lancillotto Castelli (1727-1792) by Katia Longo, INC Compte rendu 61, 2014, pp.32-36.
  51. Secondina Lorenza Cesano (1879-1973) by Nicola Parise, INC Compte rendu 47, 2000, pp. 60-65.
  52. Esprit-Marie Cousinéry (1747-1833) by Daniela Willams, INC Compte rendu 59, 2012, pp. 27-37.
  53. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-07-23. Retrieved 2016-10-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  54. "Cribb, Joe | MünzenWoche". Archived from the original on 2019-07-11. Retrieved 2019-07-11.
  55. Sylvester Sage Crosby (1831-1914) by John M. Kleeberg, INC Compte rendu 52, 2005, pp. 15-19.
  56. Hermann Dannenberg (1824-1905) by Bernd Kluge, INC Compte Rendu 60, 2013, pp. 38-42
  57. "Callataÿ, François de | MünzenWoche".
  58. "Depeyrot, Georges | MünzenWoche".
  59. Joseph Hilarius Eckhel (1737-1798) by Günther Dembski, INC Compte Rendu 48, 2001, pp. 55-59
  60. Michel Amandry (2004). "Michael Grant (1914-2004)". INC Compte Rendu 51. pp. 13–19. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  61. "INC cin". Archived from the original on 2017-07-29. Retrieved 2017-07-29.
  62. N. Keith Rutter (2013). "Barclay Vincent Head (1844-1914)". INC Compte Rendu 60. pp. 25–37. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  63. Andrew Burnett (1999). "George Hill (1867-1948)". INC Compte Rendu 46. pp. 64–68. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  64. "CONTACT US".
  66. Benedikt Zäch (2007). "Friedrich Imhoof-Blumer (1838-1920)". INC Compte Rendu 54. pp. 30–37. Archived from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  67. "Lyce Jankowski | Musée royal de Mariemont -".
  68. Morcom, John (July 27, 2005). "Obituary: Kenneth Jenkins". the Guardian.
  69. "Koray Konuk | Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique / French National Centre for Scientific Research -".
  71. "Décès de Robert Anthony Merson (1950-2016) – Société française de numismatique". Archived from the original on 2017-12-22. Retrieved 2017-12-21.
  72. "Treasure and the Portable Antiquities Scheme". The British Museum.
  74. "en | MünzenWoche".
  75. "Dr Adrian Popescu — Faculty of Classics".
  76. "GREAT NUMISMATISTS : Carmen Arnold-Biucchi :IOANNIS NICOLAS SVORONOS" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 August 2019. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  77. "Francois Thierry | Bibliothèque nationale de France -".