Occupation of the Ruhr
|Occupation of the Ruhr|
|Part of the Aftermath of World War I and|
Political violence in Germany (1918–1933)
French soldiers and a German civilian in the Ruhr in 1923.
|Commanders and leaders|
|Casualties and losses|
|130 civilians killed|
France and Belgium occupied the heavily industrialized Ruhr Valley in response to Germany defaulting on reparation payments dictated by the victorious powers after World War I in the Treaty of Versailles. Occupation of the Ruhr worsened the economic crisis in Germany, and German civilians engaged in acts of passive resistance and civil disobedience, during which 130 were killed. France and Belgium, facing economic and international pressure, accepted the Dawes Plan to restructure Germany's payment of war reparations in 1924 and withdrew their troops from the Ruhr by August 1925.