Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland
The Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Oifis Rùnaire Stàite na h-Alba), often referred to as the Scotland Office, is a UK government department headed by the Secretary of State for Scotland and responsible for Scottish affairs that lie within the UK Government's responsibility.
|Oifis Rùnaire Stàite na h-Alba|
Dover House, the historic Whitehall base of the Scotland Office in London
|Type||Department of HM Government|
|Annual budget||£8 million for 2011–12|
|Parent department||Ministry of Justice|
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The department evolved from the Scottish Office which was formed in 1885. It was renamed the Scotland Office in 1999 following devolution in Scotland, where the majority of its responsibilities were transferred to the Scottish Executive (since renamed the Scottish Government).
The office is responsible for the representation of Scotland and Scottish affairs in the UK Government, facilitating the smooth operation of devolution, liaising between the central Government and the Scottish Government at Edinburgh and the administering of certain reserved matters of government relating to Scotland.
The department sponsors one non-departmental public body, the Boundary Commission for Scotland.
Until the advent of the Scottish Parliament and the devolved Scottish Government, the Scottish Office (the precursor to the Scotland Office) was a major UK government department dealing with most aspects of the domestic governance of Scotland, a position known as "administrative devolution".
Since devolution its powers are limited to those relating to reserved matters that are not dealt with by other departments of HM Government as well as relations with the devolved bodies. Along with the Wales Office, the Scotland Office has shared administrative functions first with the 2007 Department for Constitutional Affairs and later the Ministry of Justice. The Secretary of State for Scotland also holds certain powers of oversight over the operation of the Scottish Parliament under the Scotland Act 1998.
Donald Dewar, who held the office from 1997-99 resigned to become the first First Minister of Scotland following devolution on 17 May 1999. Under the Blair Ministry and Brown Ministry, the office of Secretary of State for Scotland was sometimes held along with another cabinet role. These cases were Alistair Darling who served as Secretary of State for Scotland between 2003-06 while also being Secretary of State for Transport. When Douglas Alexander took on the role in 2006 he also held the additional Transport office. His successor Des Browne, who was Secretary of State from 2007-08 was simultaneously the Secretary of State for Defence. Jim Murphy was appointed to the office in 2008, which remained his only government position until the Conservative-Liberal Democrat coalition gained power in 2010. The position was then held by Liberal Democrat Members of Parliament until the Conservative government came into office following the 2015 general election.
Between 2015-18, the Scotland Office rebranded much of its output under a UK Government in Scotland branding, with the office itself becoming known as the Office of the Secretary of State for Scotland. Similar changes were made in relation to the Wales Office.
|The Rt Hon. Alister Jack MP||Secretary of State||Overall responsibility; custodian of the Scottish devolution settlement; represent Scottish interests within the UK Government; advocate for the UK Government’s policies in Scotland; promote partnership between the UK Government and the Scottish Government, as well as relations between the UK and Scottish Parliaments.|
|Iain Stewart MP||Parliamentary Under Secretary of State||Strengthening the Union; Energy, including: oil and gas, renewables; Business and economy, including: agriculture and fisheries, food and drink, manufacturing, retail and tourism, financial services; Investment and infrastructure, including: City Region and Growth Deals, Industrial Strategy, digital and connectivity, transport and aviation; Higher education and academia; Immigration; Welfare.|
|David Duguid MP||Parliamentary Under Secretary of State||Strengthening the Union; Energy, including: oil and gas, renewables; Investment and infrastructure, including: City Region and Growth Deals; Business and the economy, including: agriculture and fisheries.|
|The Rt Hon. The Viscount Younger of Leckie||Lord-in-waiting
|Department Spokesperson for Lords.|
The department is based across two sites, one in Edinburgh and the other in London. Dover House in Whitehall has been used as the London base of the office and its predecessors since 1885. It also provides accommodation for the Office of the Advocate General for Scotland and other government bodies.
Since 2020, its base in Edinburgh is Queen Elizabeth House, which was earmarked to be a UK Government hub in the city bringing together around 3,000 UK Government civil servants across a variety of government departments. Between 1999 and 2020, it was located in premises at Melville Crescent.
- Queen Elizabeth House, Edinburgh base since 2020
- 1 Melville Crescent, Edinburgh base (1999-2020)
- 1999–2002: Ian William Gordon (as Head of Department)
- 2002–2005: David Jonathan Crawley (as Head of Department)
- 2005–2007: James Richmond Wildgoose (as Head of Department)
- 2007–2009: David Fraser Middleton (as Head of Department; later CBE)
- 2009–2012: Alisdair Douglas McIntosh
- 2012–2015: Alun Trevor Bernard Evans, CBE
- 2015–2017: Francesca Osowska
- 2017–present: Gillian McGregor, CBE
- The Scottish Secretaries, David Torrance. (Birlinn 2006)
- Spending Review 2010 (PDF). London: HM Treasury. 2010. p. 88. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 November 2010. Retrieved 28 December 2011.
- https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/boundary-commission-for-scotland [bare URL]
- https://www.heraldscotland.com/news/16203710.scotland-office-name-change-make-british/ [bare URL]
- "Our ministers". GOV.UK. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
- https://www.gov.uk/government/news/flagship-uk-government-hub-in-edinburgh-named-queen-elizabeth-house [bare URL]
- The dates and names are taken from their entries in Who's Who.