Oklahoma City

Oklahoma City (/kləˌhmə -/ (listen)), officially the City of Oklahoma City, and often shortened to OKC, is the capital and largest city of the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The county seat of Oklahoma County,[7] it ranks 20th among United States cities in population, and is the 8th largest city in the Southern United States. The population grew following the 2010 census and reached 687,725 in the 2020 census.[8] The Oklahoma City metropolitan area had a population of 1,396,445,[9] and the Oklahoma City–Shawnee Combined Statistical Area had a population of 1,469,124,[9] making it Oklahoma's largest municipality and metropolitan area by population.

Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
City of Oklahoma City
Clockwise from top left: Downtown skyline, Skydance Bridge, City Hall, Gold Star Memorial Building, Paycom Center, Oklahoma City National Memorial, State Capitol
Nickname(s): 
"OKC", "The 405", "The Big Friendly", "The City",[1]
Oklahoma City
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 35°28′7″N 97°31′17″W
CountryUnited States
StateOklahoma
CountiesOklahoma, Canadian, Cleveland, Pottawatomie
FoundedApril 22, 1889[2]
IncorporatedJuly 15, 1890[2]
Government
  TypeCouncil–manager
  MayorDavid Holt (R)
  City managerCraig Freeman
Area
  City620.79 sq mi (1,607.83 km2)
  Land606.48 sq mi (1,570.77 km2)
  Water14.31 sq mi (37.06 km2)
  Urban
410.6 sq mi (1,063.5 km2)
Elevation1,198 ft (365 m)
Population
 (2020)
  City681,054
  Rank20th in the United States
1st in Oklahoma
  Density1,122.96/sq mi (433.58/km2)
  Metro1,441,695 (42nd)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central (CST))
  Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Codes
Zip codes[6]
Area code405 572
FIPS code40-55000
GNIS feature ID1102140[4]
WebsiteOklahoma City official website

Oklahoma City's city limits extend somewhat into Canadian, Cleveland, and Pottawatomie counties, though much of those areas outside the core Oklahoma County area are suburban tracts or protected rural zones (watershed). The city is the eighth-largest in the United States by area including consolidated city-counties; it is the second-largest, after Houston, not including consolidated cities. The city is also the second largest by area among state capital cities in the United States, after Juneau, Alaska.

Oklahoma City has one of the world's largest livestock markets.[10] Oil, natural gas, petroleum products, and related industries are its economy's largest sector. The city is in the middle of an active oil field and oil derricks dot the capitol grounds. The federal government employs a large number of workers at Tinker Air Force Base and the United States Department of Transportation's Mike Monroney Aeronautical Center (which house offices of the Federal Aviation Administration and the Transportation Department's Enterprise Service Center, respectively).

Oklahoma City is on the I-35 Corridor, one of the primary travel corridors south into neighboring Texas and Mexico and north towards Wichita and Kansas City. Located in the state's Frontier Country region, the city's northeast section lies in an ecological region known as the Cross Timbers. The city was founded during the Land Run of 1889 and grew to a population of over 10,000 within hours of its founding. It was the site of the April 19, 1995, bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, in which 168 people died, the deadliest terror attack in U.S. history until the attacks of September 11, 2001, and the deadliest act of domestic terrorism in U.S. history.

Since weather records have been kept beginning in 1890, Oklahoma City has been struck by 13 violent tornadoes, 11 of which were rated F4 or EF4 on the Fujita and Enhanced Fujita scales, and one each rated F5 and EF5.[11]


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