Oldenburg (city)

Oldenburg (German pronunciation: [ˈɔldn̩bʊʁk] (listen)) is an independent city in the district of Oldenburg in the state of Lower Saxony, Germany. The city is officially named Oldenburg (Oldb) (Oldenburg in Oldenburg) to distinguish from Oldenburg in Holstein.

Oldenburg
City centre of Oldenburg including St Lamberti Church, Schloss Oldenburg (Oldenburg Palace) and the Oldenburgisches Staatstheater (Oldenburg State Theatre; left image border).
Location of Oldenburg (city)
Oldenburg
Oldenburg
Coordinates: 53°08′38″N 8°12′50″E
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictUrban district
Subdivisions33 boroughs, separated into nine census tracts
Government
  Lord mayorJürgen Krogmann (SPD)
Area
  Total102.96 km2 (39.75 sq mi)
Elevation
4 m (13 ft)
Population
 (2020-12-31)[1]
  Total169,605
  Density1,600/km2 (4,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
26001–26135
Dialling codes0441
Vehicle registrationOL
Websitewww.oldenburg.de

During the French annexation (1811–1813) in the wake of the Napoleonic war against Britain, it was also known as Le Vieux-Bourg in French. The city is at the rivers Hunte and Haaren, in the northwestern region between the cities of Bremen in the east and Groningen (Netherlands) in the west. It has a population of 170,000 (November 2019).[2] Oldenburg is part of the Bremen/Oldenburg Metropolitan Region, with 2.37 million people.

The city is the place of origin of the House of Oldenburg. Before the end of the German Empire (1918), it was the administrative centre and residence of the monarchs of Oldenburg.