Oliver Leese

Lieutenant-General Sir Oliver William Hargreaves Leese, 3rd Baronet, KCB, CBE, DSO (27 October 1894 – 22 January 1978) was a senior British Army officer who saw distinguished active service during both the world wars. He is most notable during the Second World War for commanding XXX Corps in North Africa and Sicily, serving under General Sir Bernard Montgomery, before going on to command the Eighth Army in the Italian Campaign throughout most of 1944.

Sir Oliver Leese, 3rd Baronet
Lieutenant-General Sir Oliver Leese, pictured here in Italy, 30 April 1944.
Nickname(s)"Baron Leese"
Born(1894-10-27)27 October 1894
Westminster, London, England
Died22 January 1978(1978-01-22) (aged 83)
Llanrhaeadr, Wales
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Service/branchBritish Army
Years of service1914–1947
Service number1722
UnitColdstream Guards
Commands heldEastern Command (1945–47)
Allied Land Forces South-East Asia (1944–45)
Eighth Army (1943–44)
XXX Corps (1942–43)
Guards Armoured Division (1941–42)
15th (Scottish) Infantry Division (1941)
West Sussex County Division (1940–41)
29th Infantry Brigade (1940)
20th Independent Infantry Brigade (Guards) (1940)
1st Battalion, Coldstream Guards (1936–38)
Battles/warsFirst World War
Second World War
AwardsKnight Commander of the Order of the Bath[1]
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Despatches (2)
Commander of the Legion of Merit (United States)[2]
Légion d'Honneur (France)
Croix de Guerre (France)
Virtuti Militari (Poland)[3]