Olympic Stadium


Olympic Stadium is the name usually given to the main stadium of an Olympic Games. An Olympic stadium is the site of the opening and closing ceremonies. Many, though not all, of these venues actually contain the words Olympic Stadium as part of their names, such as stadiums in Amsterdam, Berlin, Helsinki and Paris. Olympic Stadium may also be named a multi-purpose stadium which hosts Olympic sports.[1]

In the case of the Summer Olympic Games, athletics competitions and the football final are traditionally held in the Olympic Stadium. Exceptions to this have occurred though at the 1900, 1996 and 2016 Summer Olympics as well as at the 2010 and 2018 Summer Youth Olympic Games.

Early Winter Olympic Games often used figure skating venues as focal points. These were often designated as the Olympic Stadium, usually hosting the opening and closing ceremonies.

A number of stadiums have been used in more than one Olympics, in those cities that have held the Games more than once.

Lysgårdsbakken was the main stadium of a Winter Olympics and a Winter Youth Olympic Games (YOG). Bergiselschanze was the main stadium of two Winter Olympics and one Winter YOG. Olympiahalle jointly shared the Olympic Stadium role with Bergiselschanze during the two Winter Olympics, but not during the Winter YOG. Only one stadium, the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, has been the main stadium of two Summer Olympics (and it will be a main stadium a third time during the 2028 games). In addition to the inaugural Summer Olympics, Panathinaiko Stadio was also the main stadium of the only Intercalated Games held. In 2022 Beijing National Stadium will join these in being the main stadium at two Olympics, but with a special distinction: it will become the only stadium to have been such at both a Summer and a Winter Olympics.

A number, including both the Panathinaiko Stadio and the Vélodrome de Vincennes, have hosted events at subsequent Olympics. The London Games of 2012 were not opened and closed at the rebuilt Wembley Stadium, the site of the 1948 Olympic Stadium, but instead at a new stadium in Stratford. Wembley was, however, the venue for some 2012 Olympic football matches. Likewise, the Melbourne Cricket Ground, which was the centrepiece stadium for the 1956 games, later hosted the first games of the Sydney 2000 football tournament. Lake Placid's 1930 Olympic Stadium was utilized in the 1980 Lake Placid games as the speed skating venue. Olympiahalle hosted figure skating and short-track speed skating during the 2012 Winter Youth Olympics. Stockholm Olympic Stadium hosted equestrian events for the 1956 Summer Olympics (while the 1956 games were held in Melbourne, Australia, quarantine restrictions prevented equestrian events from being held domestically, thus Stockholm, Sweden hosted the 1956 equestrian competitions).

Stadia


Image Olympics Season Stadium Native name City Country New/old Capacity Existing?
1896SummerPanathenaic StadiumΠαναθηναϊκό στάδιοAthens GreeceExisting80,000Yes
1900SummerVincennes Velodrome (ceremony)Vélodrome de VincennesParis FranceExisting50,000Yes
Croix-Catelan Stadium (athletics)Stade Croix-CatelanExistingNo
1904SummerFrancis FieldSt. Louis United StatesNew19,000Yes
1906 IntercalatedSummerPanathenaic StadiumΠαναθηναϊκό στάδιοAthens GreeceExisting80,000Yes
1908SummerWhite City StadiumLondon United KingdomNew68,000No
1912SummerOlympic StadiumStockholms OlympiastadionStockholm SwedenNew20,000Yes
1920SummerOlympic StadiumOlympisch StadionAntwerp BelgiumNew12,771Yes
1924WinterOlympic StadiumStade Olympique de ChamonixChamonix FranceNew45,000Yes
1924SummerOlympic StadiumStade Olympique Yves-du-ManoirParis FranceExisting45,000Yes
1928WinterSt. Moritz Olympic Ice RinkBadrutts ParkSt. Moritz  SwitzerlandNew4,000Yes
1928SummerOlympic StadiumOlympisch StadionAmsterdam NetherlandsExisting, renovated31,600Yes
1932WinterLake Placid Speedskating OvalLake Placid United StatesNew7,500Yes
1932SummerLos Angeles Memorial ColiseumLos Angeles United StatesExisting, expanded101,574Yes
1936WinterGroße OlympiaschanzeGarmisch-Partenkirchen GermanyExisting40,000Yes
1936SummerOlympic StadiumOlympiastadionBerlin GermanyNew110,000Yes
1948WinterSt. Moritz Olympic Ice RinkBadrutts ParkSt. Moritz  SwitzerlandExisting4,000Yes
1948SummerWembley StadiumLondon United KingdomExisting82,000No (replaced)
1952WinterBislett StadiumBislett stadionOslo NorwayExisting20,000No (replaced)
1952SummerOlympic StadiumOlympiastadionHelsinki FinlandExisting70,000Yes
1956WinterStadio Olimpico Del GhiaccioCortina d'Ampezzo ItalyExisting, renovated12,000Yes
1956SummerMelbourne Cricket GroundMelbourne AustraliaExisting115,000Yes
1960WinterBlyth ArenaSquaw Valley United StatesNew8,500No
Squaw Valley Olympic Skating RinkTemporaryNo
1960SummerStadio OlimpicoRome ItalyExisting90,000Yes
1964WinterBergiselschanze (opening ceremony)Innsbruck AustriaExisting26,000Yes
Olympiahalle (closing ceremony)New10,836Yes
1964SummerNational Stadium国立競技場Tokyo JapanExisting71,556No (replaced)
1968WinterOlympic Stadium (opening ceremony)Stade olympiqueGrenoble FranceTemporary60,000No
Le Stade de Glace (closing ceremony)New12,000Yes
1968SummerEstadio Olímpico UniversitarioMexico City MexicoExisting83,700Yes
1972WinterMakomanai Open Stadium (opening ceremony)真駒内屋外競技場Sapporo JapanNew30,000Yes
Makomanai Ice Arena (closing ceremony)真駒内屋内競技場New11,500Yes
1972SummerOlympiastadionMunich West GermanyNew80,000Yes
1976WinterBergiselschanze (opening ceremony)Innsbruck AustriaExisting26,000Yes
Olympiahalle (closing ceremony)Existing10,836Yes
1976SummerOlympic StadiumStade olympiqueMontreal CanadaNew70,000Yes
1980WinterLake Placid Equestrian Stadium (opening ceremony)Lake Placid United StatesTemporary stadium at existing equestrian grounds30,000No
Olympic Center Arena (closing ceremony)New10,000Yes
1980SummerGrand Arena of the Central Lenin StadiumБольшая спортивная арена центрального стадиона имени ЛенинаMoscow Soviet UnionExisting, renovated103,000Yes
1984WinterOlympic Stadium (opening ceremony)Olimpijski stadionSarajevo YugoslaviaExisting50,000Yes
Zetra Olympic Hall (closing ceremony)Olimpijska dvorana ZetraNew12,000Yes
1984SummerLos Angeles Memorial ColiseumLos Angeles United StatesExisting92,516Yes
1988WinterMcMahon StadiumCalgary CanadaExisting, renovated38,205Yes
1988SummerSeoul Olympic Stadium서울올림픽주경기장Seoul South KoreaExisting100,000Yes
1992WinterTheatre of CeremoniesThéâtre des CérémoniesAlbertville FranceTemporary35,000No
1992SummerOlympic StadiumEstadi Olímpic de Montjuïc
Estadio Olímpico de Montjuïc
Barcelona SpainExisting60,000Yes
1994WinterLysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping ArenaLysgårdsbakkene hoppanleggLillehammer NorwayNew35,000Yes
1996SummerCentennial Olympic StadiumAtlanta United StatesNew85,000Yes (downsized as Center Parc Stadium)
1998WinterNagano Olympic Stadium長野オリンピックスタジアムNagano JapanNew30,000Yes
2000SummerStadium AustraliaSydney AustraliaNew114,714Yes
2002WinterRice-Eccles Olympic StadiumSalt Lake City United StatesExisting, replacement45,017Yes
2004SummerOlympic StadiumΟλυμπιακό Κεντρικό Στάδιο Αθήνας "Σπύρος Λούης"Athens GreeceExisting, renovated72,000Yes
2006WinterStadio Olimpico di TorinoTurin ItalyExisting28,000Yes
2008SummerBeijing National Stadium国家体育场Beijing ChinaNew91,000Yes
2010WinterBC Place StadiumVancouver CanadaExisting, renovated54,500Yes
2010 YouthSummerThe [email protected] BayPentas Terapung Teluk Marina
滨海湾浮动舞台
மரீனா பே மிதக்கும் மேடை (Tamil)
Marina Bay SingaporeExisting30,000Yes
2012 YouthWinterBergiselschanzeInnsbruck AustriaExisting26,000Yes
2012SummerOlympic StadiumLondon United KingdomNew80,000Yes
2014WinterFisht Olympic StadiumОлимпийский стадионSochi RussiaNew40,000Yes
2014 YouthSummerOlympic Stadium南京奥林匹克体育中心Nanjing ChinaExisting61,443Yes
2016 YouthWinterLysgårdsbakkene Ski Jumping Arena (opening ceremony)Lysgårdsbakkene hoppanleggLillehammer NorwayExisting35,000Yes
Håkons Hall (closing ceremony)Existing11,500Yes
2016SummerMaracanã Stadium (opening and closing ceremony, football)Estádio do MaracanãRio de Janeiro BrazilExisting74,738Yes
João Havelange Olympic Stadium (athletics and football)Estádio Olímpico João HavelangeExisting, expanded60,000[2]Yes
2018WinterPyeongchang Olympic Stadium평창 올림픽 스타디움Pyeongchang South KoreaTemporary35,000No
2018 YouthSummerObelisco de Buenos Aires (opening ceremony)Obelisco de Buenos AiresBuenos Aires ArgentinaExisting, temporaryN/AYes
Buenos Aires Youth Olympic Village (closing ceremony)[3]Existing, expanded15,500Yes
2020 YouthWinterVaudoise ArenaVaudoise ArénaLausanne  SwitzerlandNew9,600Yes
2020SummerJapan National Stadium国立競技場 (tentative name)Tokyo JapanExisting, replacement68,000Yes
2022WinterBeijing National Stadium国家体育场Beijing ChinaExisting80,000Yes
2024SummerStade de FranceParis FranceExisting78,338Yes
2024 Youth Winter Alpensia Ski Jumping Stadium (Opening ceremony) SCJ 올림픽 스타디움 Gangwon  South Korea Existing,

replacement

8,500 Yes
SCJ Olympic stadium (closing ceremony) Gangwon  South Korea
2026WinterSan Siro (opening ceremony)Milan ItalyExisting80,000Yes
Verona Arena (closing ceremony)VeronaExisting15,000Yes
2028SummerLos Angeles Memorial Coliseum (cultural opening and formal closing ceremony, athletics)Los Angeles United StatesExisting, renovated70,516Yes
SoFi Stadium[†] (formal opening and cultural closing ceremony, possible exhibition sports and football)Inglewood, CaliforniaExisting, newly built100,000Yes
2032SummerBrisbane Cricket GroundBrisbane AustraliaExisting, to be upgraded50,000Yes

^ †: Under present IOC policy, non-sponsoring corporate naming rights are disallowed on venues during the duration of the Games.[4]

Other major events held at Olympic Stadiums


VenueCityEvents
Olympic Stadium Amsterdam1962 European Cup Final, 1977 European Cup Winners' Cup Final, 1981 UEFA Cup Final, 1987 Individual Speedway World Championship Finals, 1992 UEFA Cup Final, 2016 European Athletics Championships
Panathenaic Stadium Athens1967–68 FIBA European Cup Winners' Cup, 2011 Special Olympics World Summer Games
Olympiako Stadio Athinas 'Spyros Louis' Athens1983, 1994 and 2007 UEFA Champions League Finals, 1991 Mediterranean Games 1997 World Championships in Athletics, 2005 and 2006 WRC Acropolis Rally SuperSpecial Stage, 2006 IAAF World Cup
Centennial Olympic Stadium Atlanta1999 World Series, 2000 MLB All-Star Game (as Turner Field)
Olympic Stadium Barcelona1989 IAAF World Cup, 2003 World Police and Fire Games, 2010 European Athletics Championships
Beijing National Stadium Beijing2009 Race of Champions, 2015 World Championships in Athletics, 2017 League of Legends World Championship
Olympic Stadium Berlin1974 FIFA World Cup, 1994 IPC Athletics World Championships, annual IAAF Golden League (1998–2009), 2006 FIFA World Cup, 2009 World Championships in Athletics, 2011 FIFA Women's World Cup, 2015 UEFA Champions League Final, 2018 European Athletics Championships, annual DFB-Pokal final
Brisbane Cricket Ground Brisbane2020 AFL Grand Final
McMahon Stadium CalgaryFive Grey Cups, 1972 and 1978 CFL All-Star Games, 1997 World Police and Fire Games
Olympic Stadium Helsinki1957 Bandy World Championship, 1983 and 2005 World Championships in Athletics, 1971, 1994, and 2012 European Athletics Championships, UEFA Women's Euro 2009, 2022 UEFA Super Cup[‡].
Bergisel Ski Jump Innsbruck1968 and 2005 Winter Universiades, 1933, 1985, and 2019 FIS Nordic World Ski Championships, annual FIS Ski Jumping World Cup
Olympic Stadium London2015 Race of Champions, 2015 Rugby World Cup, 2017 World Para Athletics Championships, 2017 World Championships in Athletics, 2018 Athletics World Cup, 2021 Rugby League World Cup[‡]
Wembley Stadium LondonOriginal stadium: 1963, 1968, 1971, 1978, and 1992 European Cup Finals, 1966 FIFA World Cup, 1989-1992 Rugby League World Cup, WWF SummerSlam 1992, 1995 Rugby League World Cup, UEFA Euro 1996, annual FA Cup final, League Cup final, and FA Charity Shield
Current stadium: 2007 and 2008 Race of Champions, 2011, 2013, and 2024 UEFA Champions League Finals[‡], 2013 Rugby League World Cup, 2015 Rugby World Cup, UEFA Euro 2020, 2021 Rugby League World Cup, annual FA Cup final, NFL International Series, EFL Cup final, and FA Community Shield
White City Stadium London1934 British Empire Games, 1966 FIFA World Cup
Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum Los Angeles1959 World Series, second 1959 MLB All-Star Game, Super Bowl I (1967), Super Bowl VII (1973), 23 Pro Bowls, 1982 Individual Speedway World Championship, 2015 Special Olympics World Summer Games
SoFi Stadium Los AngelesSuper Bowl LVI (2022)[‡], 2023 College Football Playoff National Championship[‡], annual LA Bowl (from 2021)[‡]
Melbourne Cricket Ground Melbourne1992 and 2015 Cricket World Cup Finals, 2006 Commonwealth Games, annual AFL Grand Final
Estadio Olímpico Universitario Mexico City1955 Pan American Games, 1986 FIFA World Cup
San Siro Milan1934 and 1990 FIFA World Cups
Olympic Stadium Montreal1979 IAAF World Cup, 1982 MLB All-Star Game, six Grey Cups, 2014 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup
Luzhniki Stadium Moscow1973 Summer Universiade, 1999 UEFA Cup Final, 2008 UEFA Champions League Final, 2013 World Championships in Athletics, 2018 FIFA World Cup
Olympic Stadium Munich1974 FIFA World Cup, 1979 European Cup Final, UEFA Euro 1988, 1993 and 1997 UEFA Champions League Finals, 1989 Individual Speedway World Championship, 2002 European Athletics Championships, 2012 UEFA Women's Champions League Final
Bislett Stadium Oslo1946 European Athletics Championships, annual IAAF Golden League (1998–2009), annual Diamond League
Lysgårdsbakken Lillehammerannual FIS Ski Jumping World Cup and FIS Nordic Combined World Cup
Vélodrome de Vincennes Paris1968, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1972, 1973, and 1974 Tour de France closing stages
Stade Olympique de Colombes Paris1938 FIFA World Cup
Stade de France Paris1998 FIFA World Cup, 1999 Rugby World Cup, annual IAAF Golden League (1999–2009), 2000 UEFA Champions League Final, 2003 FIFA Confederations Cup Final, 2003 IAAF World Championships in Athletics Final, 2006 UEFA Champions League Final, 2007 Rugby World Cup Final, UEFA Euro 2016, annual Coupe de France final, annual Top 14 final, annual Diamond League
Estádio do Maracanã Rio de Janeiro1950 and 2014 FIFA World Cups, 2000 FIFA Club World Championship, 2007 Pan American Games, 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2019 and 2021 Copas América
Estádio Olímpico Nilton Santos Rio de Janeiro2007 Pan American Games, 2011 Military World Games, 2021 Copa América
Stadio Olimpico RomeUEFA Euro 1968, 1980 and 2020, 1974 European Athletics Championships, 1975 Summer Universiade, 1977 and 1984 European Cup Finals, 1981 IAAF World Cup, 1987 World Championships in Athletics, 1990 FIFA World Cup, 1996 and 2009 UEFA Champions League Finals, annual IAAF Golden League (1998–2009), annual Diamond League
Makomanai Open Stadium Sapporo1991 Winter Universiade
Olympic Stadium Seoul1986 Asian Games, 2013 EAFF East Asian Cup finals
Fisht Olympic Stadium Sochi2017 FIFA Confederations Cup, 2018 FIFA World Cup
Stockholm Olympic Stadium Stockholm1958 European Athletics Championships, 1999 World Police and Fire Games, 2001, 2002 and 2004 Speedway Grand Prix of Sweden, annual Diamond League
Stadium Australia Sydney2003 Rugby World Cup, 2015 AFC Asian Cup, 2023 FIFA Women's World Cup[‡], annual NRL Grand Final
National Stadium TokyoOriginal stadium: 1958 Asian Games, 1967 Summer Universiade, 1991 World Championships in Athletics, annual Intercontinental Cup, 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2008 FIFA Club World Cups, 2012 FIFA U-20 Women's World Cup, annual Emperor's Cup final
Current stadium: annual Emperor's Cup final
Stadio Olimpico di Torino Turin1934 European Athletics Championships, 1934 FIFA World Cup, 1959 and 1970 Summer Universiades
BC Place VancouverNine Grey Cups, 1983 CFL All-Star Game, 1989 World Police and Fire Games, 1990 Gay Games, 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup

^ ‡: Future event scheduled to take place at venue.

References


  1. Olympic Stadium Archived 2014-03-13 at the Wayback Machine. Big Olympic Encyclopedia. Moscow 2006.
  2. "João Havelange Olympic Stadium". Rio 2016. Archived from the original on 4 February 2016. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  3. "El gobierno porteño gastará $15 millones en la Ceremonia de Clausura de los Juegos Olímpicos de la Juventud". Revista Qué. 25 June 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  4. Murphy, Bill, Jr. "United Airlines Spent $69 Million on This Stadium Naming Deal, But They're Not Getting This 1 Important Thing". Inc. Retrieved 17 September 2019.