Organisation of African Unity

The Organisation of African Unity (OAU; French: Organisation de l'unité africaine, OUA) was an intergovernmental organization established on 25 May 1963 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, with 32 signatory governments.[1] One of the main heads for OAU's establishment was Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana. It was disbanded on 9 July 2002 by its last chairman, South African President Thabo Mbeki, and replaced by the African Union (AU). Some of the key aims of the OAU were to encourage political and economic integration among member states, and to eradicate colonialism and neo-colonialism from the African continent. [2]

Organisation of African Unity
Organisation de l'unité africaine
1963–2002
Flag
Emblem
Capitaln/a a
Secretary-general 
 1963–1964
Kifle Wodajo
 1964–1972
Diallo Telli
 1972–1974
Nzo Ekangaki
 1974–1978
William Eteki
 1978–1983
Edem Kodjo
 1983–1985
Peter Onu
 1985–1989
Ide Oumarou
 1989–2001
Salim Ahmed Salim
 2001–2002
Amara Essy
History 
 Charter
25 May[citation needed] 1963
 Disbanded
9 July 2002
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Casablanca Group
Monrovia Group
African Union
a Headquartered in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

The absence of an armed force like that of the United Nations left the organization with no means to enforce its decision. It was also not willing to become involved in the internal affairs of member nations prompting some critics to claim the OAU as a forum for rhetoric, not action. Recognizing this, the OAU in September 1999 issued the Declaration, calling for a new body to take its place. On July 9, 2002, this happened with the creation of the African Union. The African Union continues to this day to uphold many of the founding principles of the OAU. [3]