Oriel College, Oxford

Oriel College[4] (/ˈɔːriəl/) is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in Oxford, England. Located in Oriel Square, the college has the distinction of being the oldest royal foundation in Oxford (a title formerly claimed by University College, whose claim of being founded by King Alfred is no longer promoted). In recognition of this royal connection, the college has also been historically known as King's College and King's Hall.[5] The reigning monarch of the United Kingdom (since 1952, Elizabeth II) is the official visitor of the college.[6]

Oriel College
University of Oxford
Arms: Gules, three lions passant guardant in pale or, a bordure engrailed argent
LocationOriel Square
Coordinates51.7519°N 1.2538°W / 51.7519; -1.2538
Full nameThe Provost and Scholars of the House of the Blessed Mary the Virgin in Oxford, commonly called Oriel College, of the Foundation of Edward the Second of famous memory, sometime King of England[1]
Latin nameCollegium Orielense
Founders
Established1324
Founded1326; 696 years ago (1326)
Named forBlessed Virgin Mary; oriel window
Sister colleges
ProvostThe Lord Mendoza
Undergraduates327 (2019–20)[2]
Postgraduates198 (2019–20)[2]
Endowment£88.5 million (2020)[3]
WebsiteOfficial website
Boat clubOriel College Boat Club
Map
Location in Oxford city centre

The original medieval foundation established in 1324 by Adam de Brome, under the patronage of King Edward II of England, was the House of the Blessed Mary at Oxford, and the college received a royal charter in 1326.[7]:1 In 1329, an additional royal grant of a manor house, La Oriole, eventually gave rise to its common name. The first design allowed for a provost and ten fellows, called "scholars", and the college remained a small body of graduate fellows until the 16th century, when it started to admit undergraduates.[8] During the English Civil War, Oriel played host to high-ranking members of the king's Oxford Parliament.[9]

The main site of the college incorporates four medieval halls: Bedel Hall, St Mary Hall, St Martin Hall, and Tackley's Inn, the last being the oldest standing medieval hall in Oxford.[10]:2 The college has nearly 40 fellows, about 300 undergraduates and some 250 graduates. Oriel was the last of Oxford's men's colleges to admit women in 1985, after more than six centuries as an all-male institution.[11] Today, however, the student body has almost equal numbers of men and women.[8] Oriel's notable alumni include two Nobel laureates; prominent fellows have included founders of the Oxford Movement. Among Oriel's more notable possessions are a painting by Bernard van Orley and three pieces of medieval silver plate. As of 2018–19, the college is ranked eighth in academic performance out of thirty colleges in the Norrington Table.[12]


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