Ossetian language

Ossetian (English: /ɒˈsɛtiən/, /ɒˈsʃən/, /ˈsʃən/),[3][4] commonly referred to as Ossetic and rarely Ossete[note 1][11] (Ossetian: ирон ӕвзаг, romanized: iron ӕvzag), is an Eastern Iranian language spoken in Ossetia, a region on both sides of the Greater Caucasus Mountains. It is one of the only few Iranian languages spoken in Europe, and is a relative and possibly a descendant of the extinct Scythian, Sarmatian, and Alanic languages.[12]

ирон ӕвзаг (iron ævzag)
дигорон ӕвзаг (digoron ævzag)
Pronunciation[iˈɾon ɐvˈzaɡ]
[digoˈɾon ɐvˈzaɡ]
Native toNorth Ossetia-Alania, South Ossetia
Native speakers
597,450 (2010)[1]
Early forms
Official status
Official language in
Language codes
ISO 639-1os
ISO 639-2oss
ISO 639-3oss
Ossetian text from a book published in 1935. Part of an alphabetic list of proverbs. Latin script.
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.
Ethnolinguistic groups in the Caucasus region. Ossetian-speaking regions are shaded gold.

The Ossete area in Russia is known as North Ossetia–Alania, while the area south of the border is referred to as South Ossetia. Ossetian speakers number about 614,350, with 451,000 speakers in the Russian Federation recorded in the 2010 census.[9]