The coastal region of what is today Libya was ruled by the Ottoman Empire from 1551 to 1912, first, from 1551 to 1864, as the Eyalet of Tripolitania (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت طرابلس غرب Eyālet-i Trâblus Gârb) or Bey and Subjects of Tripoli of Barbary, later, from 1864 to 1912, as the Vilayet of Tripolitania (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت طرابلس غرب Vilâyet-i Trâblus Gârb). It was also known as the Kingdom of Tripoli, even though it was not technically a kingdom, but an Ottoman province ruled by pashas (governors). The Karamanli dynasty ruled the province as a de facto hereditary monarchy from 1711 to 1835, despite remaining under nominal Ottoman rule and suzerainty from Constantinople.
ایالت طرابلس غرب
Eyālet-i Trâblus Gârb (1551–1864)
ولايت طرابلس غرب
Vilâyet-i Trâblus Gârb (1864–1912)
|Eyalet and Vilayet of Ottoman Empire|
The Tripolitania Eyalet in 1795
|15 August 1551|
|18 October 1912|
|Today part of||Libya|
Ottoman name of "Trablus Garb" literally means "Tripoli in the West" since the state already had another Tripoli in the east also called Trablus conquered by Selim I after the battle at Marj Dabiq. After Tripolitania was annexed, the names of the eyalets were changed to "Tripoli Damascus" (Trablus Şam) and "Tripoli in the West" which is Roman Tripolitania (Trablus Garb).