Ottoman architecture

Ottoman architecture is the architecture of the Ottoman Empire, which emerged in northwestern Anatolia in the 13th century.[1] The architecture of the empire developed from Turkish and the earlier Seljuk architecture, with influences from Byzantine and Iranian architecture along with architectural traditions of the Balkans and other parts of Middle East.[2][3][4][5][6][7] The classical architecture of the Ottoman Empire was a mixture of native Turkish tradition and influences from Hagia Sophia.[5][6] One of the best representatives of this period is Mimar Sinan, whose major works include the Şehzade Mosque, Süleymaniye Mosque, and Selimiye Mosque.[8][9] Beginning in the 18th century, Ottoman architecture was influenced by the Baroque architecture in Western Europe.[10] Nuruosmaniye Mosque is one of the surviving examples from this period.[10] The last Ottoman period saw more influences from Western Europe, brought in by architects such those from the Balyan family.[11] This period also saw the development of a new architectural style called neo-Ottoman or Ottoman revivalism, also known as the First National Architectural Movement,[12] by architects such as Mimar Kemaleddin and Vedat Tek.[11]

Blue Mosque in Istanbul, a World Heritage Site and example of the classical style period of Ottoman architecture, showing Byzantine influence.