Our Lady of Aparecida
Our Lady Aparecida - Our Lady Revealed - (Portuguese: Nossa Senhora Aparecida or Portuguese: Nossa Senhora da Conceição Aparecida [ˈnɔsɐ siˈɲɔɾɐ dɐ kõsejˈsɐ̃w ɐpɐɾeˈsidɐ]) is a title of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the traditional form associated with the Immaculate Conception associated with a clay statue bearing the same title. The image is widely venerated by Brazilian Catholics, who consider her as the principal patroness of Brazil. Historical accounts state that the statue was originally found by three fishermen who miraculously caught many fish after invoking the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Our Lady of the Conception Appeared
Nossa Senhora da Conceição Aparecida
|Queen of the Amazon Jungle and Patroness of Brazil|
|Venerated in||Catholic Church (Roman Rite)|
|Major shrine||Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida, Aparecida, São Paulo, Brazil|
|Attributes||Blessed Virgin Mary in traditional form of Immaculate Conception|
|Patronage||Brazil and Brazilian people, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Aparecida, World Youth Day 2013, expectant mothers, newborn children, rivers and the sea, gold, honey, beauty|
|Controversy||(1978) Theft and vandalism by Protestant intruder|
(1995); Public insults and televised vandalism by a UCKG minister
The statue is currently housed in the Basilica of the National Shrine of Our Lady of Aparecida in Aparecida, São Paulo, Brazil.
Colonial documents and papal bulls have referred to the image as Nossa Senhora da Conceição Aparecida. The Roman Rite feast day of Our Lady of Aparecida is on October 12, which since 1980 is also a public holiday in Brazil. The building in which it is venerated was granted the title of minor basilica by Pope John Paul II in 1980, and is the largest Marian shrine in the world, being able to hold up to 45,000 worshippers.
Controversy about the statue was ignited in May 1978 by an intruder who stole the clay statue, which was smashed as he was apprehended, from its shrine, and again in 1995, when a Protestant minister insulted and vandalized a copy of the statue on Brazilian national television.
The following papal documents concern the famed statue:
- Pope Leo XIII mentioned the Brazilian devotion to Nossa Senhora da Conceição Aparecida in 1903
- Pope Pius X granted a canonical coronation to the image on 8 December 1904.
- Pope Pius XI declared Mary under this title Patroness of Brazil through a papal bull of 16 July 1930, signed by Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli.
- Pope Paul VI granted the image her first golden rose on 12 August 1967.
- Pope John Paul II consecrated her new shrine and on the same date raised it to the rank of minor basilica on 4 July 1980
- Pope Benedict XVI granted the image her second golden rose on 12 May 2007.
- Pope Francis granted the third golden rose on 9 October 2017, honoring the 300th anniversary of the devotion.