Outline of Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (1 July 1646 [O.S. 21 June] – 14 November 1716); German polymath, philosopher logician, mathematician. Developed differential and integral calculus at about the same time and independently of Isaac Newton. Leibniz earned his keep as a lawyer, diplomat, librarian, and genealogist for the House of Hanover, and contributed to diverse areas. His impact continues to reverberate, especially his original contributions in logic and binary representations.
Achievements and contributions
- Best of all possible worlds
- Characteristica universalis
- Identity of indiscernibles
- Pre-established harmony
- Principle of sufficient reason
- Leibniz's political views
- Leibniz's religious views
Major works by Leibniz
- De Arte Combinatoria
- Discourse on Metaphysics, (text at wikisource)
- Monadology, (text at wikisource)
- New Essays on Human Understanding
- Nova Methodus pro Maximis et Minimis
Manuscript archives and translations of Leibniz's works
- Leibniz Archive (Hannover) at the Leibniz Research Center - Hannover
- Leibniz Archive (Potsdam) at the Brandenburg Academy of Humanities and Sciences
- Leibniz Archive (Munster), Leibniz-Forschungsstelle Münster digital edition
- Leibniz Archive (Berlin), digital edition
- Donald Rutherford's translations at UCSD
- Lloyd Strickland's translations at leibniz-translations.com
Journals focused on Leibniz studies
Organizations named after Leibniz
- Leibniz Association
- Leibniz College, affiliated with the University of Tübingen
- Leibniz Institute of European History
- Leibniz Institute for Polymer Research
- Leibniz Society of North America
- Leibniz Supercomputing Center, (more details in German version)
- Leibniz University Hannover
- ZBW – Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
- Leibniz Schools in Germany
Prizes named after Leibniz
- Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize. It is regarded as the highest German award.
- Leibniz Ring awarded by the Hannover Press Club.
- Berlin Leibniz Medal originally awarded by the Royal Prussian Academy of Sciences; currently awarded by the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities.
- Leibniz Medal (Mainz) awarded by the Mainz Academy of Sciences and Literature.
Publications about Leibniz
Maria Rosa Antognazza's 2009 Leibniz biography is a major recent resource.
- Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz bibliography
- German Wikipedia Leibniz page; it contains additional information.
- Rescher, N. (2003). On Leibniz, Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh University Press.
- Davis, M. (2011). The universal computer: The road from Leibniz to Turing, (AK Peters/CRC Press).
- Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize
- Antognazza, M. R. (2009). Leibniz: an intellectual biography, (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, winner of the 2010 Pfizer Award)