Outline of the Falkland Islands


The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Falkland Islands:

The location of the Falkland Islands
An enlargeable relief map of the Falkland Islands

The Falkland Islands (/ˈfɒlklənd/ or /ˈfɔːlklənd/; Spanish: Islas Malvinas) are an archipelago located in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf. The principal islands are about 310 miles (500 kilometres) east of the Patagonian coast at a latitude of about 52°S. The archipelago which has an area of 4,700 square miles (12,173 square kilometres) comprises East Falkland, West Falkland and 776 smaller islands. The islands, a British Overseas Territory, enjoy a large degree of internal self-government with the United Kingdom guaranteeing good government and taking responsibility for their defence and foreign affairs. The capital is Stanley on East Falkland.

Controversy exists over the Falklands' original discovery and subsequent colonisation by Europeans. At various times there have been French, British, Spanish, and Argentine settlements. Britain re-established its rule in 1833, though the islands continue to be claimed by Argentina. In 1982, following Argentina's invasion of the islands, the two-month-long undeclared Falklands War between both countries resulted in the surrender of all Argentine forces and the return of the islands to British administration.

The population, estimated at 2,841, primarily consists of native Falkland Islanders, the vast majority being of British descent. Other ethnicities include French, Gibraltarian, and Scandinavian. Immigration from the United Kingdom, Saint Helena, and Chile has reversed a former population decline. The predominant and official language is English. Under the British Nationality Act of 1983, Falkland Islanders are legally British citizens.

The islands lie on the boundary of the Subarctic maritime climate and Temperate maritime climate zones with both major islands having mountain ranges reaching to 2,300 feet (700 m). The islands are home to large bird populations, although many no longer breed on the main islands because of the effects of introduced species. Major economic activities include fishing, tourism, sheep farming with an emphasis on high-quality wool exports, and oil exploration. Oil exploration, licensed by the Falkland Islands Government, remains controversial as a result of maritime disputes with Argentina.

General reference


An enlargeable basic map of the Falkland Islands

Geography of the Falkland Islands


An enlargeable topographic map of the Falkland Islands

Geography of the Falkland Islands

Environment of the Falkland Islands

An enlargeable satellite image of the Falkland Islands
Natural geographic features of the Falkland Islands

Regions of the Falkland Islands

Regions of the Falkland Islands

Ecoregions of the Falkland Islands

List of ecoregions in the Falkland Islands

Administrative divisions of the Falkland Islands
Municipalities of the Falkland Islands

Demography of the Falkland Islands

Demographics of the Falkland Islands

Government and politics of the Falkland Islands


Politics of the Falkland Islands

Branches of the government of the Falkland Islands

Government of the Falkland Islands

Executive branch of the government of the Falkland Islands
Legislative branch of the government of the Falkland Islands
Judicial branch of the government of the Falkland Islands

Court system of the Falkland Islands

Foreign relations of the Falkland Islands

Foreign relations of the Falkland Islands

International organization membership

The government of the Falkland Islands is a member of:[2]

Law and order in the Falkland Islands

Law of the Falkland Islands

Military of the Falkland Islands

Military of the Falkland Islands

Local government in the Falkland Islands

Local government in the Falkland Islands

History of the Falkland Islands


History of the Falkland Islands

Culture of the Falkland Islands


Culture of the Falkland Islands

Art in the Falkland Islands

Sports in the Falkland Islands

Sports in the Falkland Islands

Economy and infrastructure of the Falkland Islands


Economy of the Falkland Islands

Education in the Falkland Islands


Education in the Falkland Islands

See also


Falkland Islands

References