Pakistan Peoples Party

The Pakistan Peoples Party (Urdu: پاکستان پیپلز پارٹی; abbr. PPP) is a centre-left, social-democratic political party in Pakistan. It is currently the third largest party in the National Assembly. The party was founded in 1967, when a number of prominent left-wing politicians in the country joined hands against the military dictatorship of President Ayub Khan, under the leadership of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. Affiliated with the Socialist International,[6] the PPP's platform has formerly been socialist, and its stated priorities continue to include transforming Pakistan into a social democratic state,[7] promoting secular and egalitarian values, establishing social justice and a strong national defence.[8] The party, alongside the Pakistan Muslim League--Nawaz and the Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf is one of the 3 largest political parties of Pakistan.

Pakistan Peoples Party
پاکستان پیپلز پارٹی
AbbreviationPPP
PresidentAsif Ali Zardari
ChairmanBilawal Bhutto Zardari
Secretary-GeneralNayyar Hussain Bukhari
Leader in SenateYousaf Raza Gillani
Leader in National AssemblyBilawal Bhutto Zardari
FounderZulfiqar Ali Bhutto
Founded30 November 1967 (53 years ago) (1967-11-30)
HeadquartersPeople's Secretariat, Parliament Lodges at Islamabad, Pakistan
Student wingPeoples Students Federation
IdeologySocial democracy[1]
Democratic socialism
Islamic democracy
Islamic liberalism
Historical:
Islamic socialism[2]
Left-wing populism[3]
Political positionCenter-left [4]
National affiliationPakistan Peoples Party Parliamentarians
International affiliationSocialist International
Colors  Red   Black   Green
Slogan"Bread, Cloth and Shelter"[5]
Senate
21 / 100
National Assembly
56 / 342
Punjab Assembly
7 / 371
Sindh Assembly
99 / 168
KPK Assembly
5 / 145
Balochistan Assembly
0 / 65
Gilgit-Baltistan Assembly
4 / 33
Azad Kashmir Assembly
12 / 53
Election symbol
Arrow
Party flag
Website
Official website

Since its foundation in 1967, it has been a major left-of-centre force in the country and the party's leadership has been dominated by the members of the Bhutto family.[9] Its centre of power lies in the southern province of Sindh.[10] The People's Party has been voted into power on five separate occasions (1970, 1977, 1988, 1993 and 2008), while on 4 occasions (1990, 1997, 2002 and 2013) it emerged as the largest opposition party. There have been a total of four Prime Ministers from PPP.

The PPP dominated the politics of Pakistan during the 1970s, suffering a temporary decline during the military dictatorship of Zia-ul-Haq. After the re-establishment of democracy in 1988 following Zia's death, a two-party system developed, consisting of the People's Party and the Islamic Democratic Alliance, later succeeded by the Nawaz League. The party served as the principal opposition to the Pervez Musharraf-led military government from 1999 to 2008.

The party conceded defeat during the 2013 General Election, losing swathes of support in the Punjab Province where most of its votebank was lost to the emerging Movement for Justice, although it retained its provincial government in Sindh.[11][12][13] In the 2018 General Election, for the first time in history the party was able to neither form the government nor emerge as the largest party in opposition.