Palau

Palau (/pəˈl/ (listen)), officially the Republic of Palau (Palauan: Beluu er a Belau)[7] and historically Belau, Palaos or Pelew, is an island country in the western Pacific. The nation has approximately 340 islands and connects the western chain of the Caroline Islands with parts of the Federated States of Micronesia. It has a total area of 466 square kilometers (180 square miles).[8] The most populous island is Koror, home to the country's most populous city of the same name. The capital Ngerulmud is located on the nearby island of Babeldaob, in Melekeok State. Palau shares maritime boundaries with international waters to the north, Micronesia to the east, Indonesia to the south, and the Philippines to the north west.

Republic of Palau
Beluu er a Belau  (Palauan)
Anthem: Belau rekid
"Our Palau"
CapitalNgerulmud
7°30′N 134°37′E
Largest cityKoror
7°20′N 134°29′E
Official languagesNational:
State-level:
Ethnic groups
(2015[1])
Religion
(2015)[2]
Demonym(s)Palauan
GovernmentUnitary presidential constitutional republic under a non-partisan democracy
 President
Surangel Whipps Jr.
Uduch Sengebau Senior
 Senate President
Hokkons Baules
 House Speaker
Sabino Anastacio
 Chief Justice
Oldiais Ngiraikelau
 Chairman of Council of Chiefs
Ibedul Yutaka Gibbons
LegislatureOlbiil era Kelulau
Senate
House of Delegates
Independence 
from the United States
18 July 1947
 Constitution
2 April 1979
 Establishment of the Republic of Palau
1 January 1981
1 October 1994
Area
 Total
459 km2 (177 sq mi) (179th)
 Water (%)
negligible
Population
 2018 estimate
17,907[3][4] (224th)
 2013 census
20,918
 Density
46.7/km2 (121.0/sq mi)
GDP (PPP)2018 estimate
 Total
$300 million[5]
 Per capita
$16,296[5] (81st)
GDP (nominal)2018 estimate
 Total
$322 million[5]
 Per capita
$17,438[5]
HDI (2019) 0.826[6]
very high · 50th
CurrencyUnited States dollar (USD)
Time zoneUTC+9 (PWT)
Date formatDD-MM-YYYY
Mains electricity120 V–60 Hz
Driving sideright
Calling code+680
ISO 3166 codePW
Internet TLD.pw

The country was originally settled approximately 3,000 years ago by migrants from Maritime Southeast Asia.[9][10] Spain was the first European nation to invade the islands in the 16th century, and they were made part of the Spanish East Indies in 1574. Following Spain's defeat in the Spanish–American War in 1898, the islands were sold to Germany in 1899 under the terms of the German–Spanish Treaty, where they were administered as part of German New Guinea. After World War I, the islands were made a part of the Japanese-ruled South Seas Mandate by the League of Nations. During World War II, skirmishes, including the major Battle of Peleliu, were fought between American and Japanese troops as part of the Mariana and Palau Islands campaign. Along with other Pacific Islands, Palau was made a part of the United States-governed Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands in 1947. Having voted in a referendum against joining the Federated States of Micronesia in 1978,[11][12] the islands gained full sovereignty in 1994 under a Compact of Free Association with the United States.

Politically, Palau is a presidential republic in free association with the United States, which provides defense, funding, and access to social services. Legislative power is concentrated in the bicameral Palau National Congress. Palau's economy is based mainly on tourism, subsistence agriculture and fishing, with a significant portion of gross national product (GNP) derived from foreign aid. The country uses the United States dollar as its currency. The islands' culture mixes Micronesian, Melanesian, Asian, and Western elements. Ethnic Palauans, the majority of the population, are of mixed Micronesian, Melanesian, and Austronesian descent. A smaller proportion of the population is of Japanese descent. The country's two official languages are Palauan (a member of the Austronesian language family) and English, with Japanese, Sonsorolese, and Tobian recognized as regional languages.