Palmiro Togliatti

Palmiro Michele Nicola Togliatti (Italian: [palˈmiːro toʎˈʎatti] (listen); 26 March 1893 – 21 August 1964) was an Italian politician and leader of the Italian Communist Party from 1927 until his death. He was nicknamed Il Migliore ("The Best")[1] by his supporters. In 1930 he became a citizen of the Soviet Union[2] and later he had a city in that country named after him: Tolyatti.

Palmiro Togliatti
General Secretary of the
Italian Communist Party
In office
May 1938  August 1964
Preceded byRuggero Grieco
Succeeded byLuigi Longo
In office
November 1926  January 1934
Preceded byAntonio Gramsci
Succeeded byRuggero Grieco
Minister of Grace and Justice
In office
21 June 1945  1 July 1946
Prime MinisterAlcide De Gasperi
Preceded byUmberto Tupini
Succeeded byFausto Gullo
Deputy Prime Minister of Italy
In office
12 December 1944  21 June 1945
Prime MinisterIvanoe Bonomi
Preceded byHimself (in June 1944)
Succeeded byManlio Brosio
Pietro Nenni
In office
24 April 1944  18 June 1944
Prime MinisterPietro Badoglio
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byHimself
Giulio Rodinò (in Dec. 1944)
Member of the Chamber of Deputies
In office
8 May 1948  21 August 1964
ConstituencyLazio – XV
Personal details
Born(1893-03-26)26 March 1893
Genoa, Kingdom of Italy
Died21 August 1964(1964-08-21) (aged 71)
Yalta, Crimean Oblast, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
NationalityItalian
Political partyItalian Socialist Party
(1914–1921)
Communist Party of Italy
(1921–1943)
Italian Communist Party
(1943–1964)
Domestic partnerRita Montagnana (1924–1948)
Nilde Iotti (1948–1964; his death)
ResidenceModena, Emilia-Romagna
Alma materUniversity of Turin
Profession
  • Journalist
  • politician
Signature

Togliatti was a founding member of the Communist Party of Italy (Partito Comunista d’Italia, PCd'I), and from 1927 until his death, he was the Secretary and the undisputed leader of the Italian Communist Party, except for the period from 1934 to 1938, during which he served as representative to the Comintern, the international organization of communist parties. After the dissolution of the Comintern in 1943 and the formation of the Cominform in 1947, he refused the post of Secretary General, offered to him directly by Stalin in 1951, preferring to remain at the head of the PCI.

From 1944 to 1945 Togliatti held the post of Deputy Prime Minister and from 1945 to 1946 he was appointed Minister of Justice in the governments that ruled Italy after the fall of Fascism. He was also a member of the Constituent Assembly of Italy.

Togliatti survived an assassination attempt in 1948, and died in 1964, during a holiday in Crimea on the Black Sea.