Palo Alto, California

Palo Alto (/ˌpæl ˈælt/; Spanish for "tall stick") is a charter city in the northwestern corner of Santa Clara County, California, United States, in the San Francisco Bay Area, named after a coastal redwood tree known as El Palo Alto.

Palo Alto, California
City of Palo Alto
Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California
Palo Alto, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 37°25′45″N 122°8′17″W
CountryUnited States
CountySanta Clara
IncorporatedApril 23, 1894[1]
Named forEl Palo Alto
  BodyCity council
  • Mayor Pat Burt
  • Vice Mayor Lydia Kou
  • Greer Stone
  • Eric Filseth
  • Greg Tanaka
  • Alison Cormack
  • Tom DuBois
  MayorPatrick Burt
  Total26.00 sq mi (67.35 km2)
  Land24.10 sq mi (62.41 km2)
  Water1.91 sq mi (4.94 km2)  7.38%
Elevation30 ft (9 m)
  Density2,871.52/sq mi (1,047.35/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST)UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
94301, 94303, 94304, 94306
Area code650
FIPS code06-55282
GNIS feature IDs277572, 2411362

The city was established by Leland Stanford when he founded Stanford University, following the death of his son, Leland Stanford Jr. Palo Alto includes portions of Stanford University and borders East Palo Alto, Mountain View, Los Altos, Los Altos Hills, Stanford, Portola Valley, and Menlo Park. At the 2020 census, the population was 68,572.[5] Palo Alto is one of the most expensive cities in the United States in which to live,[6][7] and its residents are among the most educated in the country. However, it also has a youth suicide rate four times higher than the national average, often attributed to academic pressure.[8]

As one of the principal cities of Silicon Valley, Palo Alto is headquarters to a number of high-tech companies, including HP, Space Systems/Loral, VMware, Ford Research and Innovation Center, PARC, IDEO, Skype, Houzz, SAP Labs, and Lockheed Martin.[9] Palo Alto has also served as headquarters to several other high-tech companies, including Apple,[10] Google,[11] Facebook, Logitech,[12] Tesla,[13] Intuit, Pinterest, and PayPal.

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