The Pannonian Avars (//; also known as the Obri in chronicles of Rus, the Abaroi or Varchonitai Greek: Βαρχονίτες, romanized: Varchonítes, or Pseudo-Avars in Byzantine sources, the Apar, Old Turkic: 𐰯𐰺, to the Göktürks) were an alliance of several groups of Eurasian nomads of unknown origins.
|567 – after 822|
|Religion||Originally shamanism and animism, Christianity after 796|
• Defeated by Pepin of Italy
They are probably best known for their invasions and destruction in the Avar–Byzantine wars from 568 to 626.
The name Pannonian Avars (after the area in which they eventually settled) is used to distinguish them from the Avars of the Caucasus, a separate people with whom the Pannonian Avars might or might not have had links.
Although the name Avar first appeared in the mid-5th century, the Pannonian Avars entered the historical scene in the mid-6th century, on the Pontic–Caspian steppe as a people who wished to escape the rule of the Göktürks.