Pannonian Avars

The Pannonian Avars (/ˈævɑːrz/; also known as the Obri in chronicles of Rus, the Abaroi or Varchonitai[9] Greek: Βαρχονίτες, romanized: Varchonítes, or Pseudo-Avars[10] in Byzantine sources, the Apar, Old Turkic: 𐰯𐰺, to the Göktürks[11]) were an alliance of several groups of Eurasian nomads of unknown origins.[12][13][14][15][16][17]

Pannonian Avars
567  after 822[1]
Avar Khaganate around 582–612 AD.
Common languages
Religion
Originally shamanism and animism, Christianity after 796
GovernmentKhanate
Khagan 
History 
 Established
567 
 Defeated by Pepin of Italy
796
 Disestablished
 after 822[7]
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Lombards
Kingdom of the Gepids
Hunnic Empire
Byzantine Empire under the Justinian dynasty
Samo's Empire
Frankish Empire
First Bulgarian Empire
Samo's Empire
Pannonian Slavs
Avar March
Coins of the Avars 6th–7th centuries AD, imitating Ravenna mint types of Heraclius.[8]

They are probably best known for their invasions and destruction in the Avar–Byzantine wars from 568 to 626.

The name Pannonian Avars (after the area in which they eventually settled) is used to distinguish them from the Avars of the Caucasus, a separate people with whom the Pannonian Avars might or might not have had links.

They established the Avar Khaganate, which spanned the Pannonian Basin and considerable areas of Central and Eastern Europe from the late 6th to the early 9th century.[18]

Although the name Avar first appeared in the mid-5th century, the Pannonian Avars entered the historical scene in the mid-6th century,[19] on the Pontic–Caspian steppe as a people who wished to escape the rule of the Göktürks.