Paris Club

The Paris Club (French: Club de Paris) is a group of officials from major creditor countries whose role is to find co-ordinated and sustainable solutions to the payment difficulties experienced by debtor countries. As debtor countries undertake reforms to stabilize and restore their macroeconomic and financial situation, Paris Club creditors provide an appropriate debt treatment.

Club de Paris
Paris Club
Emblem
SecretariatParis, France
LanguagesEnglish, French
MembershipAustralia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, India, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States (India is an observer state from 2019)
Leaders
 Chairperson
Emmanuel Moulin
 Co-Chairperson
William Roos
 Vice-Chairperson
Christophe Bories
 Secretary General
Schwan Badirou Gafari
Establishment1956

Paris Club creditors provide debt treatments to debtor countries in the form of rescheduling, which is debt relief by postponement or, in the case of concessional rescheduling, reduction in debt service obligations during a defined period (flow treatment) or as of a set date (stock treatment).[1]

The Paris Club was created gradually from 1956, when the first negotiation between Argentina and its public creditors took place in Paris.[2] The Paris Club treats public claims (that is to say, those due by governments of debtor countries and by the private sector), guaranteed by the public sector to Paris Club members. A similar process occurs for public debt held by private creditors in the London Club, which was organized in 1970 on the model of the Paris Club as an informal group of commercial banks meet to renegotiate the debt they hold on sovereign debtors.

Creditor countries meet ten times a year in Paris for Tour d'Horizon and negotiating sessions. To facilitate Paris Club operations, the French Treasury provides a small secretariat, and a senior official of the French Treasury is appointed chairman.[3]

Since 1956, the Paris Club has signed 433 agreements with 90 different countries covering over US$583 billion.[1]


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