Parish (administrative division)


A parish is an administrative division used by several countries. To distinguish it from an ecclesiastical parish, the term civil parish is used in some jurisdictions, as noted below.

The table below lists countries which use this administrative division:

Country or territoryLocal nameNotes
AndorraParròquia
Antigua and BarbudaParish
AustraliaParish[1]
BarbadosParish
BermudaParish
CanadaNew BrunswickParish
Prince Edward IslandParish
QuebecParish municipality
ChinaMacauFreguesia / 堂區
DominicaParish
EcuadorParroquia
EstoniaVald
Georgiaმუნიციპალიტეტი
GrenadaParish
GuernseyParish
IrelandCivil parishIn the Republic of Ireland, civil parishes continue to exist for statutory purposes only.
JamaicaParish
JerseyParish
LatviaPagasts
Isle of ManParish
MontserratParish
(Nordic countries)MunicipalityIn Nordic countries, a rural administrative parish corresponds to the concept of socken, a predecessor to today's municipalities of Sweden, Finland, Norway and Denmark.
PortugalFreguesia
Saint Kitts and NevisParish
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesParish
Spain(Asturias, Galicia)Parroquia
UkraineПарафія
United KingdomEnglandCivil parishIn all parts of the British Isles except Scotland and Wales, it is known as a civil parish to distinguish it from the ecclesiastical parish.[2] In England, a (civil) parish council may choose to rename itself as a town council or as a community council. In Northern Ireland, civil parishes continue to exist for statutory purposes only.
Northern IrelandCivil parish
Scotland (formerly)Civil parish
ScotlandCommunity
WalesCommunity
United StatesLouisianaParishThe term "county" is used in 48 US states, while Louisiana and Alaska have functionally equivalent subdivisions called parishes and boroughs respectively.[3]
South Carolina (formerly)ParishUntil the late 19th century, the South Carolina Lowcountry was divided into parishes, but today all of South Carolina is divided into counties.[4]
VenezuelaParroquia

See also


References


  1. "Parish and historical maps". Land & Property Information. Government of New South Wales. 2012. Archived from the original on 5 January 2015. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  2. "In praise of ... civil parishes". The Guardian. 16 May 2011.
  3. "An Overview of County Government". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on April 17, 2013. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
  4. The Newberry Library (2009). "South Carolina: Individual County Chronologies, South Carolina Atlas of Historical County Boundaries". publications.newberry.org. Chicago, Illinois, US. Retrieved June 5, 2018.